Investigating the effects of everyday memory failures, transliminality, cognitive thinking styles and implicit learning on reported precognitive dream experience.
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￼This study investigates the effects of everyday memory failures, implicit learning, cognitive thinking styles and transliminality on reported precognitive dream experience and belief. Previous research has linked everyday memory failures to paranormal belief and recall of paranormal events (e.g. Wiseman and Morris, 1995). Cognitive thinking styles and transliminality have also been linked to paranormal belief and experience (e.g. Wolfradt, Oubaid, Straube, Bischoff & Mischo, 1999; Thalbourne & Houran, 2000) Given that precognitive dreaming is a paranormal phenomenon it is assumed that these variables will also be related to precognitive dream and experience. Some researchers believe that precognitive dreams are not achieved through paranormal means but through the perception of subtle cues in the environment relating to the subsequent event. If this were the case we would assume that individuals who report more precognitive dreams would do better on an implicit learning task. The results of a multiple regression show that implicit learning ability and everyday memory failures were non-significant predictors of precognitive dream experience. A simple regression found that experiential thinking was a non-significant predictor of precognitive dream belief. Transliminality was found to be a non-significant predictor of implicit learning ability on a simple regression. The main hypotheses of this experiment were unsupported. Everyday memory failures, implicit learning and experiential thinking had no significant association with precognitive dream belief or experience, and transliminality was found to have no significant association with implicit learning. These results may depend heavily on the very small sample size used in this study and design limitations.