The use of the labiodental approximant in Indian English
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The use of the labiodental approximant /ʋ/ in place of bilabial /w/ and fricative /v/ is a phonetic feature commonly found in Indian English (IndE). This essay aims to track the specific environments that the labiodental approximant occurs in looking at recordings of Kannada speakers of IndE. This will be done by looking at two factors, which are the phonological factors and sociolinguistic factors. Emphasis is placed on the phonological factors, and sociolinguistic factors are secondary in this essay. Thus, the aims of this essay are: 1. Using 8 audio recordings of L1 and L2 speakers of Kannada, to identify the expected environments the labiodental approximant could occur in. 2. To observe the actual occurrences of the labiodental approximant in the data set, and track its phonological positioning if there is a linguistic pattern. 3. To look at the sociolinguistic factors such as medium of education and age, that play a role in the glide /ʋ/ occurrence.