An exploration into the relationships between paranormal belief and belief in precognitive dreams with propensity to relate unrelated events and creativity
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The present study aimed to study the relationships between paranormal belief and belief in precognitive dreams with propensity to connect unrelated events and creativity. There were 50 participants who took part in the study and their paranormal belief score was measured using the revised paranormal belief scale (RPBS) (Tobacyk, 2004) in accordance with the two factor model proposed by Lange, Irwin & Houran (2000). Their belief in precognitive dreams score was measured using a questionnaire with items from Schredl (2004) and Watt & Valášek (2011). Both paranormal belief and belief in precognitive dreams scores were correlated, using Pearson’s product moment correlations, with propensity to connect unrelated events, as measured by a novel connections task inspired by Madey (1993), and creativity, as measured by the bridge-the-associative-gap (BAG) task (Gianotti, Mohr, Pizzagalli, Lehmann & Brugger, 2001). There was a significant positive relationship between paranormal belief score and belief in precognitive dream score with connection task score leading to the conclusion that paranormal belief and belief in precognitive dreams are positively and significantly related to propensity to connect unrelated events. There were no significant positive relationships between paranormal belief score and belief in precognitive dreams score with creativity but due to the wealth of research that suggests a link between paranormal belief and creativity, it was concluded that the lack of a significant relationship was likely due to problems with the BAG task.