High 3He/4He ratios in picritic basalts from Baffin Island and the role of a mixed reservoir in mantle plumes
Stuart, Finlay M
Fitton, J Godfrey
Ellam, Robert M
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The high 3He/4He ratio of volcanic rocks thought to be derived from mantle plumes is taken as evidence for the existence of a mantle reservoir that has remained largely undegassed since the Earth’s accretion1–3. The helium isotope composition of this reservoir places constraints on the origin of volatiles within the Earth and on the evolution and structure of the Earth’s mantle. Here we show that olivine phenocrysts in picritic basalts presumably derived from the proto-Iceland plume at Baffin Island, Canada, have the highest magmatic 3He/4He ratios yet recorded.