Food Security in Haiti After the 2010 Earthquake: Analysis and Evaluation of NGO Relief Efforts
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Haiti suffered an earthquake in January of 2010, bringing instability and widespread hunger. Even after two years, many Haitians lack food security, and one must look at the failings of the Haitian government and those who attempted to provide aid. Major aid organizations such as the Red Cross, World Food Program, the United Nations Children's Fund and the Food and Agriculture Organization stepped in to provide disaster assistance. Unfortunately, these organizations failed to effectively coordinate and communicate with the Haitian government and other relief organizations, resulting in haphazard distribution of food aid and no commitment to long term food security (Cullen & Ivers, 2010, p. 63). The Haitian government also had plans for reconstruction that, while very similar to non-governmental organizations (NGO) actions taken after the earthquake, were not always in line with these organizations (Government of the Republic of Haiti, 2010, pg. 23). Other nations impacted by earthquakes such as New Zealand, Japan and the Dominican Republic, which shares an island with Haiti, have recovered quicker after natural disasters. Disaster relief organizations and other nations can learn from the shortcomings of the food security response to the Haitian earthquake. Going forward, Haiti has many problems to contend with and they must improve their food security. Implementation of more effective strategies will help countries better manage natural disasters in the future.