Information Services banner Edinburgh Research Archive The University of Edinburgh crest

Edinburgh Research Archive >
Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences, School of >
Psychology >
Psychology PhD thesis collection >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

This item has been viewed 67 times in the last year. View Statistics

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
Kreysa2009.doc3.9 MBMicrosoft Word
Kreysa2009.pdf5.25 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Title: Coordinating speech-related eye movements between comprehension and production
Authors: Kreysa, Helene
Supervisor(s): Pickering, Martin
Haywood, Sarah
Henderson, John
Issue Date: 26-Nov-2009
Publisher: The University of Edinburgh
Abstract: Although language usually occurs in an interactive and world-situated context (Clark, 1996), most research on language use to date has studied comprehension and production in isolation. This thesis combines research on comprehension and production, and explores the links between them. Its main focus is on the coordination of visual attention between speakers and listeners, as well as the influence this has on the language they use and the ease with which they understand it. Experiment 1 compared participants’ eye movements during comprehension and production of similar sentences: in a syntactic priming task, they first heard a confederate describe an image using active or passive voice, and then described the same kind of picture themselves (cf. Branigan, Pickering, & Cleland, 2000). As expected, the primary influence on eye movements in both tasks was the unfolding sentence structure. In addition, eye movements during target production were affected by the structure of the prime sentence. Eye movements in comprehension were linked more loosely with speech, reflecting the ongoing integration of listeners’ interpretations with the visual context and other conceptual factors. Experiments 2-7 established a novel paradigm to explore how seeing where a speaker was looking during unscripted production would facilitate identification of the objects they were describing in a photographic scene. Visual coordination in these studies was created artificially through an on-screen cursor which reflected the speaker’s original eye movements (cf. Brennan, Chen, Dickinson, Neider, & Zelinsky, 2007). A series of spatial and temporal manipulations of the link between cursor and speech investigated the respective influences of linguistic and visual information at different points in the comprehension process. Implications and potential future applications are discussed, as well as the relevance of this kind of visual cueing to the processing of real gaze in face-to-face interaction.
Keywords: eye movements
visual attention
gaze projection
language production
syntactic priming
Appears in Collections:Psychology PhD thesis collection

Items in ERA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.


Valid XHTML 1.0! Unless explicitly stated otherwise, all material is copyright © The University of Edinburgh 2013, and/or the original authors. Privacy and Cookies Policy