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Front page.pdf17.72 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Declaration.pdf10.33 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
dedication.pdf20.71 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Abstractinthethesis.pdf16.81 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Acknowledgements.pdf16.72 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Contents.pdf35.35 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
abbreviations&terms.pdf24.02 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Chapter 1, Introduction.pdf606.97 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Chapter 2, soil Cstocks.pdf498.93 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Chapter 3, CO2.pdf1.36 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Chapter 4,N2O,CH4.pdf716.32 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Chapter 5, C balance.pdf368.78 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Chapter 6, Geostatistical analysis.pdf392.65 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Chapter 7, Comparison of methods.pdf849.11 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Chapter 8, Conclusions.pdf41.27 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
References.pdf172.45 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Appendix.pdf866.42 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Title: Effects of afforestation and forest management on soil carbon dynamics and trace gas emissions in a Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis (Bong) Carr.) forest
Authors: Zerva, Argyro
Supervisor(s): Mencuccini, Maurizio
Smith, Keith A
Issue Date: Jul-2004
Publisher: University of Edinburgh; College of Science and Engineering; School of GeoScience
Abstract: The establishment and intensive management of forests for the production of timber can have significant effects on the soil carbon dynamics. The establishment of forest on organic soils under grasslands may lead to substantial losses in soil carbon, due to the site preparation for the planting of trees and other disturbances. This is gradually compensated by carbon accumulation in tree biomass as the forest grows until clearfelling at maturity may initiate another substantial carbon loss. This study had two main aims. The first was to investigate the long-term effects of forest establishment on natural grassland as well as clearfelling and re-growth of the forest during second rotation, by looking at the changes in soil carbon stocks and soil carbon balance in a Sitka spruce (Picea sitchsensis) in Harwood (N. E. England). Secondly, to investigate the short-term effects of forest clearfelling on the fluxes of soil CO2, N2O and CH4 and on the environmental factors (soil temperature, water content and water table depth) affecting them. The fluxes were initially measured in two mature stands (40-years old) during one growth season. One of the two stands was subsequently clearfelled while the other was kept intact and fluxes were measured for a further ten months after clearfelling. The relationships between these fluxes and the environmental factors were also examined. The study also investigated the spatial variability of soil CO2 emissions using geostatistical approaches. The soil CO2 fluxes were measured with two methods, a closed dynamic chamber and a closed static chamber, giving the opportunity to compare their relative performance. A performance further investigation on this discrepancy between the two methods took place in lab experiments and on a soil monolith, excavated from the 40-year old stand and kept under controlled conditions in the greenhouse.
Sponsor(s): Greek Scholarships Foundation(IKY)
Appears in Collections:Global Change Research Institute PhD thesis collection

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