Pathways to health in a deprived population: relationships between smoking, mental health & physical health
Introduction: Recently there has been increasing interest in understanding and addressing health inequalities and enhancing the well-being of the population as a whole through anticipatory care and better health care delivery. The current study aimed to investigate the predictive relationships between smoking behaviour, physical health, and mental health in a deprived population using models of mediation. Method: Participants had attended a Keep Well health check, a national programme offering health screening, advice, referrals and signposting to individuals aged 45-64 living in deprived areas. Participants completed a questionnaire measuring smoking status, physical health (RAND general health subscale), mental health symptoms (GHQ-12), positive mental health (WEMWBS), and demographic information. Results: The current study found that smoking mediated the relationship between mental health problems and physical health, as well as mediating the relationship between positive mental health and physical health. Discussion: These findings suggest that by offering interventions to encourage individuals to stop smoking health care providers can hope to reduce mental health problems via direct effects but also via an indirect benefit of improvements in physical health. There are also opportunities to improve physical health via the direct effects of reducing mental health problems and increasing positive mental health, as well as the indirect effect of smoking.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
From medical relief to community health care: A case study of a Non-Governmental Organisation (Frontier Primary Health Care) in North West Frontier Province, Pakistan Patterson, Margaret Madeline (The School of Social and Political Studies. College of Humanities and Social Sciences. The University of Edinburgh, 2005-12)This case study is designed to answer the question whether refugees can make a positive contribution to host countries, not simply as individual participants in economic activity, but by contributing to welfare. The ...
Community Capacity Building, Community Development and Health: A Case Study of ‘Health Issues in the Community’ Phillips, Richard (The University of Edinburgh. College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine. School of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, 2007-03)This research project aimed to further knowledge regarding the relationship between community capacity building (CCB), community development and health within the context of the Health Issues in the Community (HIIC) ...
Bhopal, Raj (BMJ Publishing Group, 1995)Historically, general medical practitioners and public health doctors have striven for health goals by different means. General practice has concentrated on personal, continuing health care focused on the consultation, ...