Pathways to health in a deprived population: relationships between smoking, mental health & physical health
Introduction: Recently there has been increasing interest in understanding and addressing health inequalities and enhancing the well-being of the population as a whole through anticipatory care and better health care delivery. The current study aimed to investigate the predictive relationships between smoking behaviour, physical health, and mental health in a deprived population using models of mediation. Method: Participants had attended a Keep Well health check, a national programme offering health screening, advice, referrals and signposting to individuals aged 45-64 living in deprived areas. Participants completed a questionnaire measuring smoking status, physical health (RAND general health subscale), mental health symptoms (GHQ-12), positive mental health (WEMWBS), and demographic information. Results: The current study found that smoking mediated the relationship between mental health problems and physical health, as well as mediating the relationship between positive mental health and physical health. Discussion: These findings suggest that by offering interventions to encourage individuals to stop smoking health care providers can hope to reduce mental health problems via direct effects but also via an indirect benefit of improvements in physical health. There are also opportunities to improve physical health via the direct effects of reducing mental health problems and increasing positive mental health, as well as the indirect effect of smoking.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
From normality to risk : a qualitative exploration of health visiting and mothering practices following the implementation of Health for all Children King, Caroline Anne (The University of Edinburgh, 2013-07-06)The overall aim of this study is to explore how health visiting and mothering practices have been shaped by the implementation of Health for All Children (Hall). ‘Hall’ denotes a programme of work around child health ...
Changing child health surveillance in Scotland : an exploration of the impact on preventive health care of pre-school children Wood, Rachael Jane (The University of Edinburgh, 2013-07-06)The health service provides a Child Health Programme (CHP) to all children to help them attain their health and development potential. Core elements include screening, immunisations, growth and development surveillance, ...
Jones, Ian George (The University of Edinburgh, 1979)A working model of the WHO definition of health was developed which involved dialogue with health workers and members of the community. The method developed was applied to the investigation of the health and health care ...