Separatrix splitting for the extended standard family of maps
Wronka, Agata Ewa
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This thesis presents two dimensional discrete dynamical system, the extended standard family of maps, which approximates homoclinic bifurcations of continuous dissipative systems. The main subject of study is the problem of separatrix splitting which was first discovered by Poincaré in the context of the n-body problem. Separatrix splitting leads to chaotic behaviour of the system on exponentially small region in parameter space. To estimate the size of the region the dissipative map is extended to complex variables and approximated by differential equation on a specific domain. This approach was proposed by Lazutkin to study separatrix splitting for Chirikov’s standard map. Furthermore the complex nearly periodic function is used to estimate the width of the exponentially small region where chaos prevails and the map is related to the semistandard map. Numerical computations require solving complex differential equation and provide the constants involved in the asymptotic formula for the size of the region. Another problem studied in this thesis is the prevalence of resonance for the dissipative standard map on a specific invariant set, which for one dimensional map corresponds to a circle. The regions in parameter space where periodic behaviour occurs on the invariant set is known as Arnold tongues. The width of Arnold tongue is studied and numerical results obtained by iterating the map and solving differential equation are related to the semistandard map.