Gaussian processes and fast matrix-vector multiplies
NUMML 2009 Numerical Mathematics in Machine Learning ICML 2009 Workshop
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Gaussian processes (GPs) provide a flexible framework for probabilistic regression. The necessary computations involve standard matrix operations. There have been several attempts to accelerate these operations based on fast kernel matrix-vector multiplications. By focussing on the simplest GP computation, corresponding to test-time predictions in kernel ridge regression, we conclude that simple approximations based on clusterings in a kd-tree can never work well for simple regression problems. Analytical expansions can provide speedups, but current implementations are limited to the squared-exponential kernel and low-dimensional problems. We discuss future directions.