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dc.contributor.authorSchäfer, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorAndritsos, Nikolaos
dc.contributor.authorKarabelas, Anastasios J.
dc.contributor.authorHoek, Eric M.V.
dc.contributor.authorSchneider, René
dc.contributor.authorNyström, Marianne
dc.date.accessioned2010-11-15T14:37:21Z
dc.date.available2010-11-15T14:37:21Z
dc.date.issued2004
dc.identifier.citationSchäfer, A.I. ; Andritsos, N. ; Karabelas, A.J. ; Hoek, E.M.V. ; Schneider, R. ; Nyström, M. (2004) Fouling in Nanofiltration, in: Nanofiltration – Principles and Applications, Schäfer A.I., Waite T.D., Fane A.G. (Eds). Elsevier, Chapter 20, 169-239.en
dc.identifier.isbn978-1-85617-405-3
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1842/4271
dc.description.abstractAccording to Koros et al. [1] fouling is “the process resulting in loss of performance of a membrane due to deposition of suspended or dissolved substances on its external surfaces, at its pore openings, or within its pores”. Fouling is also decribed as flux decline which is irreversible and can only be removed by, for example, chemical cleaning [2]. This is different to flux decline due to solution chemistry effects or concentration polarisation which is described in more detail later in this chapter. Those flux declines can be reversed with clean water and are hence not considered as fouling.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.subjectNanofiltrationen
dc.subjectFoulingen
dc.titleFouling in Nanofiltrationen
dc.typeBook Chapteren


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