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dc.contributor.authorNghiem, Long D.
dc.contributor.authorSchäfer, Andrea
dc.date.accessioned2010-11-01T12:01:00Z
dc.date.available2010-11-01T12:01:00Z
dc.date.issued2006
dc.identifier.citationNghiem, D.L. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2006) Critical risk points of nanofiltration and reverse osmosis processes in water recycling applications, Volume 187, Issues 1-3, 5 February 2006, Pages 303-312en
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2005.04.089
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1842/4119
dc.descriptionPresented at the International Conference on Integrated Concepts on Water Recycling, Wollongong, NSW Australia, 14–17 February 2005.en
dc.description.abstractNF/RO membrane filtration processes have been recognized as an important technology to facilitate water recycling. Those processes are well-proven technologies, which can be used to remove a wide range of contaminants including trace contaminants that are of particular concern in water recycling. However, risk implications in association with brine or concentrate and membrane cleaning wastewater disposal have to date not been adequately understood. This study examines the adsorption and release process of several endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) during NF/RO filtration processes. Results reported here indicate that the membrane can serve as a large reservoir for EDCs and their release may be possible during membrane cleaning or erratic pH variation during operation. Treatment of membrane cleaning solution should be carefully considered when EDCs are amongst the target contaminants in NF/RO membrane filtration.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.subjectHormonesen
dc.subjectEndocrine-disrupting chemicalsen
dc.subjectNanofiltrationen
dc.subjectReverse osmosisen
dc.titleCritical risk points of nanofiltration and reverse osmosis processes in water recycling applicationsen
dc.typeArticleen


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