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dc.contributor.advisorWard Thompson, Catharine
dc.contributor.advisorWhyte, Iain
dc.contributor.authorMarriott, Paul Daniel
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-16T11:18:04Z
dc.date.available2018-10-16T11:18:04Z
dc.date.issued2016-06-25
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1842/33108
dc.description.abstractBy 1800 the idea of pleasure driving, traveling through the landscape in a vehicle to appreciate nature and scenery, became not only popular, but also practical. What began in Britain as a recreational pastime for the upper classes soon found its way to the public parks of America and became the “Sunday Drive” of the early automobile era. This thesis demonstrates that a critical convergence of science and theory at the end of the eighteenth century propelled the development of the first roads constructed for no purpose other than driving for pleasure. Leading this movement was the renowned landscape gardener Humphry Repton. This thesis will examine the convergence of theory and science, using Repton as the central historical figure. By tracing the dissemination of his writings on roads, it will demonstrate his influence on the design of pleasure roads in nineteenth century America and, by extension, the automobile parkways of the early twentieth century. To do so, it will focus on the transatlantic conversations of four men: John Claudius Loudon, Andrew Jackson Downing, Calvert Vaux and Frederick Law Olmsted, during a period which saw the ascendency of the profession of landscape architecture in America with the development of the rural cemetery and New York’s Central Park. Beginning with Brooklyn’s Prospect Park it will establish the physical and philosophical origins of the first “park-­‐ways” created to address metropolitan growth and pleasure driving, and assess the impact of the public health movement, through river reclamation, in defining the serpentine alignment that would come to distinguish the parkway form. Lastly, it will trace the legacy of these influences as American landscape architects designed a new class of pleasure roads expressly for the motorcar—culminating in 1925 with the Bronx River Parkway in Westchester County, New York—the first automobile parkway in the world.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherThe University of Edinburghen
dc.relation.hasversionPaul Daniel Marriott, 'Saving Historic Roads: Design and Policy Guidelines', (New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1998).en
dc.relation.hasversionMarriott, Paul Daniel. From Milestones to Mile-­‐Markers: Understanding Historic Roads. Washington, D.C.: America’s Byways Resource Center for the Federal Highway Administration, 2004.en
dc.relation.hasversionMarriott, Paul Daniel. “Roads Designed for Pleasure: A Brief History of the Origins of Scenic Driving and Automobile Touring in the United States,” 2 parts, Journal for America’s Byways, vol. 1, no. 1, June 2011, pp. 4-­‐25; vol. 1, no. 2, October 2011, pp. 28-­‐51.en
dc.relation.hasversionMarriott, Paul Daniel. “El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, Technical Evaluation Mission Report for the Proposed World Heritage Cultural Route, Mexico 2009.” Paris: Secrétariat ICOMOS International, 2009.en
dc.relation.hasversionMarriott, Paul Daniel.“Rochester Gateway Study.” City of Rochester New York: 1991.en
dc.relation.hasversionMarriott, Paul Daniel. “Treatment Plan and Management Recommendations for the Carriage Road System, Marsh-­‐Billings-­‐Rockefeller National Historical Park, Woodstock, Vermont.” Woodstock, Vermont: U.S. National Park Service: Marsh-­‐Billings-­‐ Rockefeller National Historical Park, 2010.en
dc.relation.hasversionMarriott, Paul Daniel, “The Pleasure Drive,” LA+ University of Pennsylvania School of Design, Interdisciplinary Journal of Landscape Architecture, no. 2, Fall 2015.en
dc.subjectroadsen
dc.subjecthistoricen
dc.subjectAmericanen
dc.subjectHumphry Reptonen
dc.subjectautomobile parkwaysen
dc.subjectBronx River Parkwayen
dc.subjectThomas Telforden
dc.titleRoads designed for pleasure: British influences on the American Motor Parkwayen
dc.typeThesis or Dissertationen
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoralen
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen


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