“[A] humbled China will be more open to receive the salvation of Jesus Christ!”: Two church periodicals’ views on the Cing-Japanese war and Japanese-Táiwanese war
Donoho, Stephen Halley
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There is writing about how nineteenth-century churchgoers’ views of other countries were formed by church periodicals. And there is writing about how opinions of the Cing and Japanese Empires were changed by the “Cing-Japanese War of 1894–1895” (“First Sino-Japanese War”; “Jiá-wǔ War”), and the “Japanese-Táiwanese War of 1895.” But, there are no works making connections between these bodies of writing. This work makes such a connection through a comparison of writing about the wars in two church periodicals, the England-based Monthly Messenger and Gospel in China , and the Táiwan-based “ Dāi-lám Church News ” (“ Dāi-lám Hu-siá n Gào-ho ê -b e ”). It makes the argument that the periodicals’ writers and editors were on the side of the Japanese, as it seemed to them that Japanese success against the Cing Empire, and Japanese rule in Tái-wan, would make Western ways commoner in these places, which would be good for the Protestant Churches there. But the writers and editors had to give their opinions differently, as their readers were in different positions with respect to the wars. The Monthly Messenger ’s readers were in England; nothing the writers said about the war would make them any less safe, and so in both wars the periodical gave its support to the Japanese loudly and frequently. But the Church News ’ readers and writers were in Tái-wan. Openly supporting an attacking country could put them in danger, so the writers said nothing for or against any side in the first war, and were but quietly against the Táiwanese Republic in the second.