The comm.on. view of the: 'fear' of God (the Lord) is. that it
is a synonym of. our modem, tarn. * religion.'. This opin.ion ia not
exactly accurate. The: survey of the studies on. the 'fear* of
God which have* appeared in. the last few decades (Chapter I), is
intended to show that the 'fear' of God is to he understood as
a way of life.
We- need to distinguish 'fear* from 'reverence'. The term
•fear', indicated hy /;'"!* and its derivatives , is used to des¬
cribe an. attitude in an. encounter with the object feared, so
that it means 'terror*. Connected with this 'fear' is the formu¬
la of encouragement ('Fear not"). This is discussed in Chapter
II. But (XI * and its derivatives also mean, 'reverence' which is
proper attitude to God, The term 'reverence' is used in the
following, chapters. Chapter III shows the relation between the
world-view: of 'revarencec fox God (the. gods)' and Israel's, 're¬
verence for Xahweh*. Israel has used the world-view, of 'reve¬
rence' to. meat her special need in. her. relationship with Xahweh.
Chapter 17 further illustrates 'reverence for Xahweh * as
Israel's attitude to Xahweh. This proper attitude becomes
Israel's way of life., which is connected with the doctrine of
retribution and prescribed as the cause of material blessings.
The meaning and implication, of 'reverence for Xahweh' as
Israel's way of life: can baT seen. in. the Wisdom. Literature
(Chapter 7). This way of life indicates the traditional attitude
of Life which is based on the doctrine of retribution. It is
viewed as the reliable: way of life which, brings a happy and
prosperous life (Proverbs). H e.vearth el ess, this traa.it icnal. way
of life has been challenged (Job) and rejected (Ecclesiastes).