Scholars have long debated the Christological processes that brought about the deification
of Jesus, as well as whether the very earliest Christians viewed Jesus as a divine being.
This present study attempts to answer these questions by examining how the earliest
Christians used the name of Jesus, especially in ritual contexts, and then comparing this
usage with how Jews utilized the name of God and divine mediator figures, as well as
how the larger Greco-Roman world used the names of their deities. By comparing these
various religious traditions in terms of how they used the names of divine beings a
catalog of phenomenological categories can be produced and used to compare how the
earliest Christians used the name of Jesus. Comparison of these phenomenological
categories suggests that Jesus was believed to be divine being by the earliest Christians.