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dc.contributor.authorLloyd, Jeffery Brianen
dc.date.accessioned2018-05-22T12:44:01Z
dc.date.available2018-05-22T12:44:01Z
dc.date.issued1994en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1842/30395
dc.description.abstracten
dc.description.abstractThis dissertation begins with an examination of texts from Mari dating to the early second millennium B.C., mainly in the form of cultic lists, which provide us with the earliest evidence for a cult of Anat. Since much of the evidence comes to us in the form of her divine name used as part of theophoric personal names, a comparison is made between Mari personal names and those from Ugarit which include the divine element 'Anat'. An investigation is also made into the various etymologies proposed for the divine name in an attempt to ascertain information on her earliest nature.en
dc.description.abstractAttention is then focused on the character of Anat from New Kingdom Egypt where we find she had a close relationship with the kings of the nineteenth dynasty, and Ramesses II in particular. From the inscriptional, iconographic and literary evidence we are able to obtain a far more detailed picture of her character in Egyptian theology than from Mari, and a comparison is made between this Egyptian Anat and what we know of her character from Ugarit. Thanks to the iconographic evidence from Egypt which often provides the names of the deities it portrays, the opportunity is taken to examine all the major 'anonymous' pieces which have been claimed to represent Anat, mostly from Syria-Palestine, and to compare them with the Egyptian portrayals. An attempt is made to evaluate the claims for such identification, and the tenuous nature ofmaking such claims is discussed.en
dc.description.abstractFinally, the investigation turns to the greatest body of evidence which can be brought to bear on the character ofAnat - the texts from Ugarit. After a discussion of her titles and epithets from which we obtain a 'skeleton' of her character, the study proceeds to examine her character and role as it is developed in Ugaritic myth. All of the relevant material is translated and comparisons between texts, both within the corpus of Ugaritic material itself and references external to Ugarit, are handled in a way that remains sensitive to the complex issue of context in which the references are found. Recent studies on the character of Anat, which often rely on a reconstruction taken from many disparate sources and melded together irrespective of context, are assessed in the light of these new translations. Hand in hand with the mythic texts which arc a rich source for our understanding of the character of Anat are the cultic texts such as god-lists and offering-lists, which give us a direct insight into the Ugaritic cult of Anat. Therefore, these texts arc also examined and a comparison is made between her mythic role, and her status in the cult.en
dc.publisherThe University of Edinburghen
dc.relation.isreferencedbyAlready catalogueden
dc.subjectAnnexe Thesis Digitisation Project 2018 Block 19en
dc.titleThe goddess Anat: an examination of the textual and iconographic evidence from the second millennium B.C.en
dc.typeThesis or Dissertationen
dc.type.qualificationlevelDoctoralen
dc.type.qualificationnamePhD Doctor of Philosophyen


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