This study explores the nature of globalisation and patriarchy and analyses their
consequences for education and in particular the education of women and girls. The
importance of educating girls has been recognised by many nations in the world
especially those in the third world. Girls' education has become a priority following
increased recognition of gender inequalities in education in which girls' education
has lagged behind that of boys.
The international community through education conferences such as the Jomtien in
1990 and Dakar in 2000 has sought to address the problem. Progress has been slow
and disappointing. In Sub-Saharan Africa the situation has worsened and the gender
gap has increased. This thesis argues that a significant contributory factor in the
slow progress in addressing gender inequalities in education in developing countries
such as Zambia is the lack of attention to the combined effects of globalisation and
patriarchy on girls' education. This study argues that globalisation and patriarchy
impact negatively on the education of women and girls, and supports that argument
with reference to supra-national and transnational policy developments, as well as an
analysis of national policy for the education of girls in Zambia, and case studies of
girls' experiences of education in two contrasting local settings in Zambia.
Globalisation is associated with an increase in social and economic inequality due to
its tendency to obscure equity and social justice issues in its pursuit of establishing
markets in almost all spheres of life. Market forms are pre-occupied with profit,
hence pushing equality concerns to the fringes. Patriarchy takes advantage of
globalisation's tendency to obscure equity and social justice considerations to
reassert itself in its uncompromising oppression of women.
Therefore, globalisation and patriarchy play a significant role in perpetuating gender
inequalities in education. This study posits that any attempt to resolve gender
inequalities in education should take into account the impact of globalisation and
patriarchy on girls' education.
Although education alone will not ensure women's empowerment, the study
considers it as very important to combine with other factors to bring about an end to