This thesis is an inter-disciplinary study of the evidence for the Greek goddess Artemis in the
Southern Italian and Sicilian colonies during the archaic and classical periods. The evidence is
reviewed by type and with specific reference to its chronological and geographical context.
First, I deal with the myths which feature Artemis in the works of Pindar and Bacchylides. This
is followed by a catalogue of sites and epithets which informs a discussion of her worship.
Thirdly, a wide range of representations of Artemis is considered; they constitute the largest
category of evidence in this thesis. The goddess appears on Attic vases exported to the west as
well as vases manufactured in Apulia and Lucania. Terracotta figurines and architectural
sculpture are also catalogued and discussed. The final corpus of evidence reviewed is the
depiction of the goddess on coins minted in Southern Italy and Sicily. Finally, the key themes to
emerge from this inter-disciplinary study are contextualised within the historical realities of the
western Greek colonies and compared with the conventional view of the goddess in modem