Among most of the human race the balance of
life is still maintained through substantially
uncontrolled fertility and mortality, with population growth pressing on the means of -subsistence.
The modern 'West only gradually made its transition from such wasteful reproduction to the - efficient recruitment of life by means of low birth
and death rates, and in the process multiplied its
population several fold. Can to -day's under - developed regions achieve this vital transition
without amalogous growth; or alternatively can
they support such growth while achieving the
ameliorated living conditions necessary to
accomplish the transition?
These are the main economic problems which
confront Egypt to-day and which this thesis is intended to examine.
The main body¡ of the thesis falls into two
parts; the first is mainly an analysis of the
demographic facts and the prospects for the
population growth. The second part is devoted
to drawing a population plat for Egypt.
In the first chapter of the first part I have
examined the importance of population studies in
general and Egypt in particular. In the second
chapter there is a review of what modern historians
know about the numbers of Egyptians in ancient and
medieval times down to the end of the 19th century.
In the third chapter I have followed the discussion
of numbers and distribution of inhabitants with an
analysis of the composition of the population.
The important characteristics of this chapter are
age, sex, educational and occupational status and
religious affiliation or composition. The fourth
and fifth chapter are devoted to analysing the birth
and death rate respectively showing the recent
trends, the social and economic factors and their
bearing on the birth and death rate. The question
of over -population is dealt with in chapter seven
with which part I of the thesis ends. Part II
is wholly devoted to the economic and social remedies
of over -population in which the present writer
emphasises the importance of keeping a watchful eye
on the rate of population increase in relation to
our developed economic resources.