Childhood asthma is a chronic condition affecting up to one in every seven children.
Self-management programs have been developed to help improve children's abilities
to both manage and cope with their asthma. If these programs are to be fully
effective, an understanding of the psychological factors that influence children's
sense of competence to manage their condition is required.
This study aimed to identify psychological variables that may influence children's
asthma self-efficacy including children's health locus of control, child's attitudes
toward illness and children's level of anxiety. The relationship between children's
level of asthma knowledge and their sense of competence to manage the illness was
explored. The importance of parent's level of asthma knowledge and parent asthma
self-efficacy was also examined in relation to children's level of asthma selfefficacy.
The study adopted a within group cross-sectional approach. Children aged 7-15 years
of age with asthma were invited to participate in the research. Data were collected on
71 children and their parents based on self-report measures rating child and parent
asthma self-efficacy and asthma knowledge, child health locus of control, child
attitudes toward illness and anxiety. A correlational design was employed to test for
associations and relationships between children's asthma self-efficacy and the factors
Results will be given and discussed with reference to previous research findings with