The meaning of the architectural form of the tower: the ancient towers of Siphnos
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The phenomenon of building numerous towers in Siphnos and also in other Hellenic regions in antiquity (sixth to fourth century BC) has been studied only relatively recently by scholars. Their number, the quality of the cture, and the constant typology of these towers, contest the suggested theories about their original purpose.In this study, the analysis of the towers addresses not just the structure of the building but also the ning that has been attributed to the space and the form. This research is an attempt to detect the architectural ities that render the tower capable of corresponding to specific requirements and to fulfilling the intentions their creators.The analysis of the meaning and the intentions which prompted the selection of the particular architectural eidos, is derived from the perceptions and beliefs of that era in terms of its social, religious, philosophical and technological contexts. The results of the phenomenological analysis have been confirmed further supported from by historical, religious and anthropological research.The research proposes that the towers of Siphnos have had a multivalent connection with the mines ch can be interpreted as sacred and functional. The vegetation and generation of metals, ores and minerals considered as a certain fact in antiquity. The regeneration of all creatures presupposed the ceremonial repetition of the sacred coitus of the primordial couple in the ritual known as "hieros gamos". The tower is the ptor, the intermediary vehicle in the performance of this holy marriage, attracting thunderbolts that constitute the sign of this union. Also, the towers define and demarcate the metallurgical region and shape the geographical networks in accordance with the entries of the galleries, in order to construct their specific ntated directions. The capability of the towers in attracting lightning, has served positively the safety of the e workers and mines. The fact that all the towers stand on surface metalliferous veins, as was expected, rding to renaissance texts, answers the unsolved problem of the placing of the towers around the island and firms the verification of the proposed theory.