Living with paediatric chronic pain: a study of treatment outcomes and processes
MetadataShow full item record
This thesis investigated treatment outcomes and processes in young people with chronic pain. The first chapter describes a systematic review, which examined the effectiveness of acceptance and mindfulness-based interventions in improving pain-related outcomes in young people. Secondary aims were to review changes in proposed treatment processes following the interventions, and to compare the effectiveness of these interventions to control conditions. Although there was evidence to suggest that these treatments may improve outcomes, particularly levels of daily functioning, further research is needed to adequately assess the utility of acceptance and mindfulness-based approaches with paediatric chronic pain populations. The second chapter details a cross-sectional study of contextual and cognitive processes in adolescents with chronic pain. Specifically, the study tested the mediating effects of acceptance, catastrophising and kinesiophobia in the relationship between pain intensity and indicators of adjustment. Both acceptance and kinesiophobia mediated the effects of pain intensity on disability and quality of life, while catastrophising mediated the effect of pain intensity on levels of anxiety and depression. The results demonstrated that both contextual and cognitive factors are important determinants of young people’s well-being. Future research would benefit from gaining a greater understanding of how these processes interact with each other to affect pain-related outcomes.