Double Hilbert transforms along surfaces in the Heisenberg group
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We provide an L² theory for the local double Hilbert transform along an analytic surface (s, t ,φ(s, t )) in the Heisenberg group H¹, that is operator f ↦ Hφ f (x) := p.v.∫∣s∣,∣t∣≤1 f (x ∙ (s, t ,φ(s, t ))-¹) ds/s dt/t, where ∙ denotes the group operation in H1. This operator combines several features: it is amulti-parameter singular integral, its kernel is supported along a submanifold, and convolution is with respect to a homogeneous group structure. We reprove Hφ is always L²(H¹)→L²(H¹) bounded (a result first obtained in [Str12]) to illustrate the method and then refine it to characterize the largest class of polynomials P of degree less than d such that the operator HP is uniformly bounded when P ranges in the class. Finally, we provide examples of surfaces that can be treated by our method but not by the theory of [Str12].