Personality-intelligence interface : the relationship between conscientiousness and intelligence
Grant dissertation.pdf (256.0Kb)
MetadataShow full item record
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between conscientiousness and intelligence. Specifically, this study intended to replicate a previous study by Moutafi et. al. (2004) that found conscientiousness to be negatively correlated with intelligence (Moutafi, Furnham, & Paltiel, 2004). It was proposed that this negative relationship could be explained by the theory of compensation, which hypothesized that individuals low on fluid intelligence could compensate for this intellectual disadvantage by developing higher levels of the personality trait conscientiousness (Moutafi, et. al., 2004). However, a number of other theories regarding the Personality-Intelligence Interface would not predict a negative relationship between conscientiousness and intelligence. To examine the relationship between conscientiousness and intelligence, fifty participants were tested on both fluid (using Raven’s Progressive Matrices and an inspection time task) and crystallized intelligence (using Wechsler’s Test of Adult Reading). Participants completed a personality questionnaire that included sixty items designed specifically to assess the six facets of conscientiousness (self-efficacy, orderliness, dutifulness, achievement-striving, self-discipline and cautiousness). Using a one-tailed Pearson’s Product-Moment correlation, neither conscientiousness nor any of its six facets were found to correlate with any of the intelligence measures. Furthermore, the well replicated correlations between openness and intelligence; and neuroticism and intelligence were not found either. Despite a number of limitations concerning the nature of the sample used, failing to replicate the negative relationship between conscientiousness and intelligence raises fundamental questions regarding the applicability of the theory of compensation. This led to the conclusion that more research is needed, using well-validated measures, to assess whether a relationship exists between conscientiousness and intelligence and what this may be.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
An Integrated Ontology Set and Reasoning Mechanism for Multi-Modality Visualisation Destined to Collaborative Planning Environments Lino, N (AAAI Press, 2004-06)In the last decades, many advances have been made in intelligent planning systems. Significant improvements related to core problems, providing faster search algorithms and shortest plans have been proposed. However, there ...
Tate, Austin (AISB Quarterly, 2007)I was interested in computers by the age of 15 and gave talks on them at school. I attended evening classes a couple of years later while still at school travelling on the bus for an hour in the evening to a college in ...
Tate, Austin; Dalton, J; Potter, S (Czech Technical University Press, 2004-10)I-X Process Panels are used to support users who are carrying out processes and responding to events in a cooperative working environment. The panels support the tracking of personal or group issues, the planning and ...