This thesis investigates the architectural responses to the Enlightenment in Britain during
the second half of the eighteenth century and, in particular on the profound interrelation
between the empirical ideas of the Enlightenment and the development of contemporary
British architecture. The focus is on Robert and James Adam, whose works in architecture
and theory consistently reflected the intellectual development of their age. This thesis
will propose a new interpretation of the Adam brothers as revolutionary students and
masters of Enlightenment ideas in the field of architecture.