Articulatory feature-based methods for acoustic and audio-visual speech recognition: Summary from the 2006 JHU Summer Workshop.
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We report on investigations, conducted at the 2006 Johns HopkinsWorkshop, into the use of articulatory features (AFs) for observation and pronunciation models in speech recognition. In the area of observation modeling, we use the outputs of AF classiers both directly, in an extension of hybrid HMM/neural network models, and as part of the observation vector, an extension of the tandem approach. In the area of pronunciation modeling, we investigate a model having multiple streams of AF states with soft synchrony constraints, for both audio-only and audio-visual recognition. The models are implemented as dynamic Bayesian networks, and tested on tasks from the Small-Vocabulary Switchboard (SVitchboard) corpus and the CUAVE audio-visual digits corpus. Finally, we analyze AF classication and forced alignment using a newly collected set of feature-level manual transcriptions.