High voltage DC/DC converter for offshore wind application
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With the increasing interest in offshore wind power, the related technologies, including HVDC networks, are gaining similar levels of attention. For large scale wind farms far from shore, high voltage DC transmission can provide several advantages over traditional high voltage AC transmission. This thesis focuses on DC/DC converters, a core part of the HVDC network, especially for use in the high voltage, high power and offshore wind environment. The thesis examines a wide range of possible DC/DC converter topologies for the application. Different topologies are compared and evaluated in detail for use in a high power situation. Based on these results, three DC/DC converter topologies are selected for more detailed modelling. The simulation processes and results are presented in the thesis, which reveals the limitations and behaviour of the topologies when they are used at the MW level. In addition, the high power semiconductor switching devices are discussed and evaluated for each topology. To assess the suitability of the DC/DC converter topologies in the offshore wind application, the selected converter topologies are also analysed and modelled combined with a PMSG wind turbine. Finally, a down-scaled DC/DC converter prototype is built to verify the analysis and simulation results.