Studies towards the decarboxylative cross-coupling of Azole-4-carboxylic acids.
Stephen, Jennifer Lea
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Some interesting, biologically active natural products have been found to contain poly-azole fragments within their core. These fragments are linked through the 2- position of one azole and the 4-position of its neighbour. Decarboxylative cross-coupling methodology may provide a route to these desired linked azoles through cross-coupling of azole-4-carboxylic acids with azole-2- halides or with azoles containing no substitution at the 2-position. Investigations into the silver-mediated decarboxylation, and subsequent coupling potential, of thiazole and oxazole-4-carboxylic acids are reported. Methods towards the synthesis of novel chlorinated thiazole and oxazole acids and their precursors are also described. A method to successfully couple these acids to aryl iodides has been developed and the scope of this reaction extended to a variety of functionalised azole-4-carboxylic acids. Attempts to extend this methodology and combine the decarboxylative coupling with CH activation of a second azole are also described.