'The People Above' : Politics and administration in mid-eighteenth century Scotland
Murdoch, Alexander Joseph
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This thesis outlines the structure of government in Scotland after the Treaty of Union, and in addition provides a study in depth of the politics and administration of Scotland from 1747 to 1784. The operation of government is described on three levels; in London, in Edinburgh, and to the localities, and both its official and unofficial aspects are discussed. The most important point to this discussion is its emphasis on distinguishing managerial functions from ministerial functions in. Scottish government. Scottish administration 'managed' Scottish affairs for the government yet also acted to a 'ministerial' capacity by representing Scottish interests in tha government as a whole. In this sense there are many similarities between Scottish government in the eighteenth century and Scottish government alter 1941. The rest of the thesis examines the last years of the public career of the third Duke of Argyll as manager or minister of Scotland and the failure of attempts to replace him. The operation of eighteenth-century Scottish government and administration and the relationship of the Scottish minister with tha government is shown to detail. This revolves around the policies and personalities of the Duke of Newcastle, Argyll, the elder Pitt, the Earl of Bute, George Granville, and Bute's brother James Stuart Mackenzie, and the effect of both the 1745 rebellion and the Seven Years War on Scotland's status within the Union. A last chapter provides a short account of the political and administrative vacuum in Scotland which followed the dismissal of James Stuart Mackenzie as Scottish minister in 1765, and the early career of Henry Dundas, who by degrees revived the place of Scottish minister, with the help of the Duke of Buccleuch and the younger Pitt, after 1775.