Getting Stuff Done: Procrastination, and the Contributions of Grit, Conscientiousness, Morningness, and other related factors
Scott Ian Dissertation 2014.pdf (459.0Kb)
Scott, Ian M
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The relationships between procrastination and grit, conscientiousness, morningness-eveningness, mindset, and other traits considered to be “associated with psychological maturity” (Duckworth & Quinn, 2009, p. 169) were investigated. It was found that there was a strong, negative relationship between grit and procrastination. Those higher in procrastination were found to prefer to wake up later, whilst those higher in grit tended to prefer to wake up earlier. Those in the highest grit group would prefer to wake almost a full hour before those in the lowest grit group. A linear regression analysis - with grit, conscientiousness, and morningness as predictors - was able to account for 41.1% of the variance in procrastination. Many previous findings were also replicated; older individuals were grittier and more morning-oriented; men were more emotionally stable, while women were more likely to report preferring polychronicity (i.e. multitasking). The sample studied reported substantially higher scores on each Big Five personality trait than did a student sample in a previous study - in contrast to the expectation of finding lower mean conscientiousness. Possible reasons for this finding - and issues with measuring procrastination via self-report questionnaires more broadly - are discussed. Suggestions are made for improvements, and for further research into the influence of morningness-eveningness on grit and procrastination.