Now showing items 1-20 of 103

  • Microfunctionalism: Connectionism and the Scientific Explanation of Mental States 

    Clark, Andy (MIT Press, 1989)
    My goal in the present treatment is to sketch and compare two scientific approaches to understanding the mind. The first approach, that of classical cognitivism, depicts mind as a manipulator of chunky, quite high-level, ...
  • Connectionism, Competence, and Explanation 

    Clark, Andy (Oxford University Press, 1990)
    A competance model describes the abstract structure of a solution to some problem, or class of problems, facing the would be intelligent system. Competance modles can be quite detailed, specifying far more than merely the ...
  • Efficacy, Content and Levels of Explanation 

    Toribio, Josefa (National Centre for Logical Investigation, 1991)
    Let’s consider the following paradox (Fodor [1989], Jackson and Petit [1988] [1992], Drestke [1988], Block [1991], Lepore and Loewer [1987], Lewis [1986], Segal and Sober [1991]): i) The intentional content of a thought ...
  • The Presence of a Symbol 

    Clark, Andy (MIT Press, 1992)
    The image of the presence of symbols in an inner code pervades recent debates in cognitive science. Classicists worship in the presence. Connectionists revel in the absence. However, the very ideas of code and symbol are ...
  • Minimal Rationalism 

    Clark, Andy (Oxford University Press, 1993)
    Enquiries into the possible nature and scope of innate knowledge never proceed in an empirical vaccuum. Instead, such conjectures are informed by a theory (perhaps only tacitly endorsed) concerning probable representational ...
  • The Cognizer's Innards: a Philosophical and Psychological Perspective on the Development of Thought 

    Clark, Andy; Karmiloff-Smith, Annette (Basil Blackwell, 1993)
  • What's Special about the Development of the Human Mind/Brain? 

    Clark, Andy; Karmiloff-Smith, Annette (Basil Blackwell, 1993)
  • Doing Without Representing? 

    Clark, Andy; Toribio, Josefa (Springer, 1994)
    Connectionism and classicism, it appears, have at least this much in common: both place some notion of internal representation at the heart of a scientific study of mind. In recent years, however, a much more radical view ...
  • I am John's Brain 

    Clark, Andy (1995)
    The brain and its "agent" debate the provenance of thoughts in the charming language of an old Readers Digest article.
  • Connectionism, Moral Cognition, and Collaborative Problem Solving 

    Clark, Andy (MIT Press, 1996)
    How should linguistically formulated moral principles figure in an account of our moral understanding and practice?
  • Linguistic Anchors in the Sea of Thought 

    Clark, Andy (John Benjamins Publishing, 1996)
    Language, according to Jackendoff (How Language Helps us Think -- this issue), is more than just an instrument of communication and cultural transmission. It is also a tool which helps us to think. It does so, he suggests, ...
  • Economic Reason: The Interplay of Individual Learning and External Structure 

    Clark, Andy (Academic Press, 1996)
    Much work in economics, the social sciences, and elsewhere takes as it starting oint a somewhat unrealistic conception of rationality- a conception that ignores or downplays both the temporal and the situated aspects of ...
  • Good, Reason and Objectivity in Aristotle 

    Scaltsas, Dory (1996)
    In the Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle begins his investigation by exploring the nature of the end of all action. In the very first sentence of the work he says: "Every art and every enquiry and similarly every action and ...
  • Pulp Naturalism 

    Toribio, Josefa (Istituto Universitario Orientale, 1997)
    There is a compelling idea in the air. Both contemporary philosophers of mind and philosophers of language are engaged in developing theories of (mental or linguistic) content that are naturalistic. The stand has been ...
  • Twin Pleas: Probing Content and Compositionality 

    Toribio, Josefa (Department of Philosophy. Brown University., 1997)
    So called dual factor theories are proposed in an attempt to provide an explanation of the meaning of our utterances and the content of our mental states in terms that involve two different theories, each one serving ...
  • The Dynamical Challenge 

    Clark, Andy (Cognitive Science Society, 1997)
    Recent studies such as Thelen and Smith (1994), Kelso (1995), Van Gelder (1995), Beer (1995), and others have presented a forceful case for a dynamical systems approach to understanding cognition and adaptive behavior. ...
  • Ecological Content 

    Toribio, Josefa (John Benjamins Publishing, 1997)
    The paper has a negative and a positive side. The negative side argues that neither the classical notions of narrow nor wide content are suitable for the purposes of psychological explanation. The positive side shows how ...
  • Author's Response: Relational Learning Re-examined 

    Clark, Andy; Thornton, Chris (Cambridge University Press,, 1997)
  • The Extended Mind 

    Clark, Andy; Chalmer, Dave (Blackwells, 1998)
    Where does the mind stop and the rest of the world begin? The question invites two standard replies. Some accept the demarcations of skin and skull, and say that what is outside the body is outside the mind. Others are ...
  • Embodiment and the Philosophy of Mind 

    Clark, Andy (Cambridge University Press, 1998)
    Cognitive Science is in some sense the science of the mind. But an increasingly influential theme, in recent years, has been the role of the physical body, and of the local environment, in promoting adaptive success. No ...