The FireGrid cluster aims to establish a cross-disciplinary collaborative community to pursue fundamental research for developing real time emergency response systems, using the Grid, beginning with fire emergencies.

The challenges are:

* Sensing: Data collection from the emergency location with instantaneous and continuous relay to the emergency response system (involving a large array of sensors communicating with each other as a network and with the response system via the Grid);

* Modelling: Simulation tools runnin g in a predictive mode to model the evolution of the fire, establish its impact on the structure (and therefore predict the collapse), while also analysing the intervention alternatives and evacuation strategies;

* Forecast: All simulations, analyses and communications to be achieved faster than the evolution of the emergency in real time;

* Feedback: Processing of the continuously updated sensor and simulation data relayed back to the active response systems at the emergency location and to the emergency services to assist their intervention;

* Response: Effective co-ordination of all intervention by a command and control system using an intelligent execution support aid.

Recent Submissions

  • FireGrid: An e-infrastructure for next-generation emergency response support 

    Han, Liangxiu; Potter, Stephen; Beckett, George; Pringle, Gavin; Welch, Stephen; Koo, Sung-Han; Wickler, Gerhard; Usmani, Asif; Torero, Jose L; Tate, Austin (Elsevier Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing, 2010)
    The FireGrid project aims to harness the potential of advanced forms of computation to support the response to large-scale emergencies (with an initial focus on the response to fires in the built environment). Computational ...
  • Sensor-steered fire simulation 

    Koo, Sung-Han; Fraser-Mitchell, Jeremy; Welch, Stephen (Elsevier - Fire Safety Journal, 2010)
    A sensor-linked modelling tool for live prediction of uncontrolled compartment fires, K-CRISP, has been developed in order to facilitate emergency response via novel systems such as FireGrid. The modelling strategy is ...
  • Inverse Modelling to Forecast Enclosure Fire Dynamics 

    Jahn, Wolfram (The University of Edinburgh, 2010-05)
    Despite advances in the understanding of fire dynamics over the past decades and despite the advances in computational capacity, our ability to predict the behaviour of fires in general and building fires in particular ...
  • Using Simulation for Decision Support: Lessons Learned from FireGrid 

    Wickler, Gerhard; Beckett, George; Han, Liangxiu; Koo, Sung-Han; Potter, Stephen; Pringle, Gavin; Tate, Austin (The Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management (ISCRAM) Community, 2009-05)
    This paper describes some of the lessons learned from the FireGrid project. It starts with a brief overview of the project. The discussion of the lessons learned that follows is intended for others attempting to develop a ...
  • Sensor-Linked Simulation for Emergency Response 

    Fraser-Mitchell, Jeremy; Koo, Sung-Han; Welch, Stephen (Human Behaviour in Fire, 2009-07)
    The FireGrid project defines a vision whereby computational fire simulation tools are linked to real-time information derived from sensors in a building, providing potentially valuable information to an end user in terms ...
  • Sensor and model integration for the rapid prediction of concurrent flow flame spread 

    Cowlard, Adam (2009-04)
    Fire Safety Engineering is required at every stage in the life cycle of modern-day buildings. Fire safety design, detection and suppression, and emergency response are all vital components of Structural Fire Safety but are ...
  • An Architecture for an Integrated Fire Emergency Response System for the Built Environment 

    Upadhyay, Rochan; Pringle, Gavin; Beckett, George; Potter, Stephen; Han, Liangxiu; Welch, Stephen; Usmani, Asif; Torero, Jose L (The International Assocation of Fire Safety Science (IAFSS), 2008-09)
    FireGrid is a modern concept that aims to leverage a number of modern technologies to aid fire emergency response. In this paper we provide a brief introduction to the FireGrid project. A number of different technologies ...
  • Sensor-linked fire simulation using a Monte-Carlo approach 

    Koo, Sung-Han; Fraser-Mitchell, Jeremy; Upadhyay, Rochan; Welch, Stephen (The International Assocation of Fire Safety Science (IAFSS), 2008-09)
    This study is aimed at developing a predictive capability for uncontrolled compartment fires which can be “steered” by real-time measurements. This capability is an essential step towards facilitating emergency response ...
  • Introduction to FireGrid 

    Welch, Stephen; Usmani, Asif; Upadhyay, Rochan; Berry, Dave; Potter, Stephen; Torero, Jose L (The University of Edinburgh, 2007-11-14)
    FireGrid is an ambitious and innovative project, seeking to develop the technology to support a new way of managing emergency response in the modern built environment. Specific novel aspects include the integration of ...
  • Towards a Tailored Sensor Network for Fire Emergency Monitoring in Large buildings 

    Upadhyay, Rochan (2007-10-02)
    In this presentation, we describe some of the ongoing efforts in developing a wireless sensor network tailored specifically for fire emergency monitoring. Network simulations of a dense sensor network with a flat architecture ...
  • Model-Based Query Systems for Emergency Response 

    Potter, Stephen; Wickler, Gerhard (2008)
    In this paper we describe the approach adopted and experiences gained during a project to develop a general architecture that aims to harness advanced sensor, modelling and Grid technologies to assist emergency responders ...
  • Towards a Tailored Sensor Network for Fire Emergency Monitoring in Large Buildings 

    Tsertou, Athanasia; Upadhyay, Rochan; McLaughlin, Stephen; Laurenson, David I (2007)
    Modern fire emergency systems are slowly moving from the traditional data-logging systems to a heterogeneous and dense network of wired/wireless sensors that can give a more complete view of the phenomenon. When the density ...
  • FireGrid: Forecasting Fire Dynamics to Lead the Emergency Response 

    Rein, Guillermo (The Institution Of Fire Engineers, 2007-06-19)
    The predictions of future events has fascinated humanity since the beginning of history. This attraction has permeated into science and engineering, where several disciplines has emerged providing the capability to forecast ...
  • Using the <I-N-C-A> Constraint Model as a Shared Representation of Intentions for Emergency Response 

    Wickler, Gerhard; Tate, Austin; Potter, Stephen (Fifth International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems, 2006-05-08)
    The aim of this paper is to describe the I-X system with its underlying representation: <I-N-C-A>. The latter can be seen as a description of an agent’s intentions, which can be shared and communicated amongst multiple ...
  • The Helpful Environment: Geographically dispersed intelligent agents that collaborate 

    Tate, Austin (IEEE Intelligent Systems, 2006-05)
    Imagine a future environment where a network of sophisticated sensors, protection, and repair systems will be integral to clothing, communications devices, vehicles, transportation systems, buildings, and the environment. ...
  • FireGrid: Integrated emergency response and fire safety engineering for the future built environment 

    Berry, Dave; Usmani, Asif; Torero, Jose L; Tate, Austin; McLaughlin, Stephen; Potter, Stephen; Trew, Arthur; Baxter, Rob; Bull, Mark; Atkinson, Malcolm (UK e-Science Programme All Hands Meeting, 2005-09-20)
    Analyses of disasters such as the Piper Alpha explosion (Sylvester-Evans and Drysdale, 1998), the World Trade Centre collapse (Torero et al, 2002 , Usmani et al, 2003) and the fires at Kings Cross (Drysdale et al, 1992) ...
  • Using I-X Process Panels as Intelligent To-Do Lists for Agent Coordination in Emergency Response 

    Potter, Stephen; Tate, Austin; Wickler, Gerhard (Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management 2006 (ISCRAM2006), 2006-05)
    The aim of this paper is to describe the I-X system with its principal user interface, the I-X Process Panel, its underlying ontology, <I-N-C-A>, and how this panel can be used as an intelligent to-do list that assists ...
  • The Helpful Environment: distributed agents and services which cooperate 

    Tate, Austin (International Workshop on Cooperative Information Agents, 2006-05)
    Imagine a future environment where a network of sophisticated sensors, protection, and repair systems will be integral to clothing, communications devices, vehicles, transportation systems, buildings, and the environment. ...
  • FireGrid: Integrated emergency response and fire safety engineering for the future built environment 

    Berry, Dave; Usmani, Asif; Torero, Jose L; Tate, Austin; McLaughlin, Stephen; Potter, Stephen; Trew, Arthur; Baxter, Rob; Bull, Mark; Atkinson, Malcolm (National eScience Centre, Edinburgh, 2005-05)
    FireGrid is researching the development and integration of modelling, sensors, Grid, HPC, and C/C technologies. It will stimulate further research, in new safety systems and strategies, in new sensor technologies, in ...

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