Now showing items 52-71 of 112

  • Gains and Threats from Smouldering Combustion to Biochar Production and Storage 

    Rein, Guillermo (International Biochar Initiative, 2008-09-08)
    Biochar is an environmentally beneficial way of locking carbon emissions into a solid phase and storage for very long periods of time. On the one hand, smouldering combustion can be used in a pyrolysis reactor to provide ...
  • Heat and Mass Transfer in Fires: Scaling Laws and their Application 

    Torero, Jose L (2005-10)
    Fire is a phenomenon that covers a multiplicity of scales depending on the different processes involved. Length scales range from the nanometres when addressing material flammability to the kilometres when dealing with ...
  • How did the WTC towers collapse: a new theory 

    Usmani, Asif; Chung, Y. C.; Torero, Jose L (Fire Safety Journal, 2003-10)
    This paper uses a finite element model to investigate the stability of the Twin-Towers of the World Trade Center, New York for a number of different fire scenarios. This investigation does not take into account the ...
  • Ignition Performance of New and Used Motor Vehicle Upholstery Fabrics 

    Spearpoint, Michael; Olenick, Stephen M; Torero, Jose L; Steinhaus, Thomas (Wiley InterScience, 2005)
    This paper examines the standards for fire safety in transport systems and in particular the test method for the flammability of materials within passenger compartments of motor vehicles. The paper compares data from ...
  • In-Depth Temperature Measurements of Timber in Fires 

    Reszka, Pedro; Torero, Jose L (Universidade de Aveiro, 2006-05)
    Modern construction relies more and more on metallic connectors. Their failure during fires is related to the glass transition of the lignin matrix at around 100°C. Based on this information, a series of tests were carried ...
  • Inaugural Lecture of Prof Rasbash (1974): New Variation on an Old Theme 

    Rasbash, David (University of Edinburgh, Department of Fire Safety Engineering, 1974-11-14)
    Opening Paragraph Well, my Department is called the Department of Fire Safety Engineering. It is a very rare department indeed in a University. Nowhere else in Europe is there a similar animal. There are a few close ...
  • Incendio latente bajo las Tablas de Daimiel 

    Rein, Guillermo (El Pais, 2010-04)
    El incendio de las turberas secas del Parque Nacional de Las Tablas de Daimiel que se detectó en el verano de 2009 llevó a la sociedad española a conocer de primera mano y de golpe la amenaza que representan los incendios ...
  • The Influence of Travelling Fires on a Concrete Frame 

    Law, Angus; Stern-Gottfried, Jamie; Gillie, Martin; Rein, Guillermo (Journal of Engineering Structures - Elsevier, 2011)
    When building fires occur in large, open, compartments they rarely burn uniformly across an entire floor plate of a structure. Instead, they tend to travel, igniting fuel in their path and burning it out as they move to ...
  • Interaction Diagrams for Ambient and Heated Concrete Sections 

    Law, Angus; Gillie, Martin (Engineering Structures, 2010)
    Bending moment axial force interaction diagrams are a commonly used tool in any design office. When designing for fire conditions, the large axial forces which develop place an additional importance on the consideration ...
  • Interactions between Soot and CH* in a Laminar Boundary Layer Type Diffusion Flame in Microgravity 

    Fuentes, Andres; Legros, Guillaume; Claverie, Alain; Joulain, Pierre; Vantelon, Jean-Pierre; Torero, Jose L (The Combustion Institute, 2007-01)
    A three-dimensional laminar non-buoyant diffusion flame was studied with the objective of improving the understanding of the soot production. The flame originated from a porous ethylene burner discharging into a laminar ...
  • An Inverse Stefan Problem Relevant to Boilover: Heat Balance Integral Solutions and Analysis 

    Hristov, J (Thermal society, Belgrade, 2007-06)
    Stefan problems relevant to burning oil-water systems are formulated. Two moving boundary sub-problems are defined: burning liquid surface and formation of a distillation (“hot zone”) layer beneath it. The basic ...
  • Investigation of a Fatal Fire in a Moving Vehicle 

    Alvares, Norman; Staggs, Kirk; Rein, Guillermo (International Seminar on Fire and Explosion Hazards, 2007)
    This paper summarizes the essentials of an investigation conducted by the authors to test conflicting scenarios regarding the cause and origin of an accidental fire. Fire investigators proposed that an underbody fuel-leak ...
  • Investigation of the fertilizer fire aboard the Ostedijk 

    Hadden, Rory; Rein, Guillermo; Jervis, Freddy Xavier (2008)
    This paper provides an account of a self-sustaining decomposition event of the NPK (Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Potassium) fertilizer freight aboard the ship Ostedijk. The fire developed inside the cargo hold for several ...
  • Large-scale pool fires 

    Steinhaus, Thomas; Welch, Stephen; Carvel, Ricky O; Torero, Jose L (2007-03-29)
    A review of research into the burning behaviour of large pool fires and fuel spill fires is presented. The features which distinguish such fires from smaller pool fires are mainly associated with the fire dynamics at low ...
  • Large-scale Structural Fire Testing - How did we get here, Where are we, and Where are we going? 

    Gales, John; Maluk, Cristian; Bisby, Luke (ICEM15, 2012-07-22)
    Structural fire testing is experiencing a renaissance. Both the research and regulatory communities are currently confronting the inherent problems associated with using simplified, single element tests on isolated structural ...
  • Light Steel Framing: Improving the Integral Design 

    Amundarain, Aitor; Torero, Jose L; Usmani, Asif; Al-Remal, Ahmad M (Global Built Environment: Towards an Integrated Approach for Sustainability, Lancashire (UK), 2006-09-11)
    Light Steel Framing has been extensively used in cold climate countries due to its good thermal and structural behaviour. Improved thermal behaviour results in positive environmental impact essential for sustainable ...
  • Material Properties that Control Ignition and Spread of a Fire in Micro-Gravity Environments 

    Torero, Jose L (The 34th National Heat Transfer Conference (USA), 2000-08)
    A study of the different mechanisms controlling the initial stages of a fire in a micro-gravity environment is presented. Three different processes are deemed important for evaluation of material flammability, piloted ...
  • Measurements of Smoke Characteristics in HVAC Ducts 

    Wolin, Steven D; Ryder, Noah L; Leprince, Frederic; Milke, James; Mowrer, Frederick; Torero, Jose L (Springer, 2001)
    The characteristics of smoke traveling in an HVAC duct have been observed along with the response of selected duct smoke detectors. The simulated HVAC system consists of a 9 m long duct, 0.45 m in diameter. An exhaust ...
  • Mechanisms Controlling the Degradation of Poly (methyl methacrylate) Prior to Piloted Ignition 

    Dakka, Sam M; Jackson, Gregory S; Torero, Jose L (Elsevier and The Combustion Institute, 2002)
    Degradation of Type-G PMMA (Rohm and Haas) plates was studied prior to piloted ignition. The onset of pyrolysis was estimated by means of an infrared camera with an MMA filter, a small load cell, thermocouples, and flow ...
  • Microgravity Laminar Diffusion Flame In A Perpendicular Fuel And Oxidizer Streams Configuration 

    Brahmi, Lynda; Vietoris, Thomas; Rouvreau, Sebastien; Joulain, Pierre; David, L; Torero, Jose L (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2005)
    Fuel is injected through a porous flat plate perpendicular to a stream of oxidizer flowing parallel to the surface of the burner for regimes corresponding to fire scenario in spacecrafts. Particle Image Velocimetry is ...