Now showing items 17-36 of 112

  • Calculation and design of tunnel ventilation systems using a two-scale modelling approach 

    Colella, Francesco; Rein, Guillermo; Borchiellini, Romano; Carvel, Ricky O; Torero, Jose L; Verda, Vittorio (Building and Environment journal - Elservier, 2009-06)
    This paper develops a novel modelling approach for ventilation flow in tunnels at ambient conditions (i.e. cold flow). The complexity of full CFD models of low in tunnels or the inaccuracies of simplistic assumptions are ...
  • Calculation Methods for the Heat Release Rate of Materials of Unknown Composition 

    Biteau, Hubert; Steinhaus, Thomas; Simeoni, Albert; Schemel, Christopher; Marlair, Guy; Bal, Nicolas; Torero, Jose L (International Association for Fire Safety Science, 2008-09)
    The Heat Release Rate (HRR) is a critical parameter to characterise a fire. Different methods have been developed to estimate it. The most widespread techniques are based on mass balance. If the heat of combustion of the ...
  • Caractérisation de la fraction volumique et de la température des suies d'une flamme de diffusion établie en micropesanteur 

    Fuentes, Andres; Legros, Guillaume; Joulain, Pierre; Vantelon, Jean-Pierre; Torero, Jose L (Congrès Français de Mécanique, 2005-08-29)
    The soot has a dominant radiative role in microgravity diffusion flames. In fact, the radiative losses are particularly important in the trailing edge of the flame, where the combustion products, especially the soot, ...
  • Carbon Emissions from Smouldering Peat in Shallow and Strong Fronts 

    Rein, Guillermo; Cohen, Simon; Simeoni, Albert (Elsevier - Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 2009-01-01)
    A series of experiments of shallow and strong smouldering fronts in boreal peat have been conducted under laboratory conditions to study the CO and CO2 emissions. Peat samples of 100 mm by 100 mm in cross section and 50 ...
  • A Case Study on Building Specifications 

    Jowsey, Allan; Torero, Jose L; Drange, Leiv A (2004-10)
    An engineering analysis of the performance of a transportation centre in the event of a fire has been conducted. This engineering analysis has been conducted following an integrated approach that included fire, structural ...
  • The Changing Face of Structural Design for Fire 

    Torero, Jose L; Lane, Barbara (NCG Media, 2004)
    The 1990 Broadgate Phase 8 fire in London, the 2000 Cardington Frame fire tests, and the 2001 WTC collapses have resulted in a drastic shift of the design process, away from single structural element principles as forms ...
  • Characterisation of Dalmarnock Fire Test One 

    Abecassis Empis, Cecilia; Reszka, Pedro; Steinhaus, Thomas; Cowlard, Adam; Biteau, Hubert; Welch, Stephen; Rein, Guillermo; Torero, Jose L (Elsevier, Journal Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 2008)
    The Dalmarnock Tests comprise a set of fire experiments conducted in a real high-rise building in July 2006. The two main tests took place in identical flats, Test One allowing the fire to develop freely to post-flashover ...
  • Characterisation of the Thermal and Chemical Effects of Energetic Materials not Likely to Detonate 

    Biteau, Hubert; Marlair, Guy; Drysdale, Dougal; Torero, Jose L (The Combustion Institute, 2006-08-06)
    Energetic materials encompass a wide range of chemical compounds all associated with a significant risk of fire and explosion. They include explosives, pyrotechnic materials, powders, fertilizers and other unsteady chemicals. ...
  • Clyde Tunnel refurbishment: Modelling the performance of the new lining system and drainage channel in the event of a fire 

    Carvel, Ricky O; Torero, Jose L (Tunnel Management International, 2006-04-19)
    The Clyde Tunnel in Glasgow, Scotland, is currently undergoing refurbishment. This refurbishment includes the installation of a new tunnel lining / fire protection system in both tunnel tubes. This lining system has ...
  • Collapse scenarios of WTC 1 & 2 with extension to generic tall buildings 

    Usmani, Asif; Flint, Graeme; Jowsey, Allan; Roben, Charlotte; Torero, Jose L (2006-10)
    This paper presents a summary of the author’s investigation into the collapse of tall buildings. A large number of computational analyses have been carried out at the University of Edinburgh (UoE) over the last 4 years ...
  • A Comparative Analysis of the Use of Different Zone Models to Predict the Mass Smoke Flow for Axisymetric and Spill Plumes 

    Sanderson, Iain; Kilpatrick, Tony; Torero, Jose L (The International Association of Fire Safety Science (IAFSS), 2008-09)
    Sanderson (2007) examined the theoretical basis for and the experimentation supporting the predictive smoke zone models currently being used in fire engineering design that are cited, in nationally and internationally ...
  • Computational Model of Forward and Opposed Smoldering Combustion in Microgravity 

    Rein, Guillermo; Fernandez-Pello, Carlos; Urban, David (The Combustion Institute, 2006-08-06)
    A novel computational model of smoldering combustion capable of predicting both forward and opposed propagation is developed. This is accomplished by considering the one-dimensional, transient, governing equations for ...
  • The contribution of asphalt road surfaces to fire risk in tunnel fires: Preliminary findings 

    Carvel, Ricky O; Torero, Jose L (Tunnel Management International, 2006-04-19)
    Most fire experiments carried out in tunnels to date have focussed on the burning behaviour and smoke production of liquid pool fires and vehicle fires. Other combustible surfaces, commonly found in tunnels, have not ...
  • Design fires for tunnel water mist suppression systems 

    Carvel, Ricky O (International Symposium on Tunnel Safety and Security, SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, 2008-03)
    Water mist systems are unable to suppress or control large fires, therefore the ‘design fire’ for a water mist system in a tunnel should not be specified in terms of peak heat release rate, but rather in terms of the ...
  • Determination of Fire Induced Collapse Mechanisms of Multi-Storey Steel Framed Structures 

    Jowsey, Allan; Torero, Jose L; Usmani, Asif; Lane, Barbara; Lamont, Susan (4th European Conference on Steel and Composite Structures, 2005-06)
    Following the events of September 11th 2001, understanding the performance of multi-storey buildings during large-scale fires has assumed greater importance. These events have highlighted the possibility of large uncontrolled ...
  • Determination of the Burning Characteristics of a Slick of Oil on Water 

    Torero, Jose L; Olenick, Stephen M; Garo, Jean P; Vantelon, Jean P (Elsevier, 2003)
    The burning rate of a slick of oil on a water bed is characterized by three distinct processes, ignition, flame spread and burning rate. Although all three processes are important, ignition and burning rate are critical. ...
  • Development and validation of a generalised engineering methodology for thermal analysis of structural members in fire 

    Liang, Hong; Welch, Stephen; Stratford, Tim J; Kinsella, Emmett V (2007-04)
    A novel methodology for generalising CFD-based approaches for thermal analysis of protected steelwork in fire has been developed, known as GeniSTELA. This is a quasi-3D approach with computation of a "steel temperature ...
  • Development of an engineering methodology for thermal analysis of protected structural members in fire 

    Liang, Hong; Welch, Stephen (2007-08)
    In order to overcome the limitations of existing methodologies for thermal analysis of protected structural members in fire, a novel CFD-based methodology has been developed. This is a generalised quasi- 3D approach with ...
  • The Effect of Model Parameters on the Simulation of Fire Dynamics 

    Jahn, Wolfram; Rein, Guillermo; Torero, Jose L (The International Assocation of Fire Safety Science (IAFSS), 2008)
    The sensitivity of computer fire modelling using results from NIST’s Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) to a set of input parameters related to fire growth has been analyzed. The scenario simulated is the real-scale Dalmarnock ...
  • The Effect of Weathering on the Flammability of a Slick of Crude Oil on a Water Bed 

    Wu, Neil; Kolb, Gilles; Torero, Jose L (Taylor & Francis, 2000)
    An experimental study to define a practical methodology that will serve to assess the burning of crude oils on a water sub-layer by means of a bench scale procedure is presented. A modified ASTM-E1321 (LIFT) is combined ...