Now showing items 1-20 of 73

  • Analysis of Principal Gas Products During Combustion of Polyether Polyurethane Foam at Different Irradiance Levels 

    Bustamante Valencia, Lucas; Rogaume, Thomas; Guillaume, Eric; Rein, Guillermo; Torero, Jose L (Elsevier - Fire Safety Journal, 2009)
    This paper studies the release of the principal gas species produced during the combustion of a non-flame-retarded Polyether Polyurethane Foam (PPUF) of density of 20.9 kg/m^3 in the cone calorimeter. Five irradiance levels ...
  • Analysis of the ventilation systems in the Dartford tunnels using a multiscale modelling approach 

    Colella, Francesco; Rein, Guillermo; Carvel, Ricky O; Reszka, Pedro; Torero, Jose L (Elsevier, 2010)
    The capabilities of the ventilation systems in the two road tunnels at Dartford (London, UK) are analysed using a multi-scale modelling approach. Both tunnels have complex semi-transverse ventilation systems with jet fans ...
  • Analysis of thermal fields generated by natural fires on the structural elements of tall buildings 

    Capote, Jorge A; Alvear, Daniel; Lazaro, Mariano; Espina, Pablo; Fletcher, Ian A; Welch, Stephen; Torero, Jose L (2006-10)
    The Windsor Tower in Madrid was involved in a major fire, on 12-13 February 2005, which caused extensive structural damage to the upper floors of the building. This fire has provoked intense interest amongst researchers ...
  • Application of Genetic Algorithms and Thermogravimetry to Determine the Kinetics of Polyurethane Foam in Smoldering Combustion 

    Rein, Guillermo; Lautenberger, Chris; Fernandez-Pello, Carlos; Torero, Jose L; Urban, David (Combustion and Flame, 2006-04)
    In this work, the kinetic parameters governing the thermal and oxidative degradation of flexible polyurethane foam are determined using thermogravimetric data and a genetic algorithm. These kinetic parameters are needed ...
  • Applications of Computer Modelling to Fire Safety Design 

    Torero, Jose L; Steinhaus, Thomas (Jahresfachtagung der Vereinigung zur Förderung des Deutschen Brandschutzes, 2004-06)
    Tools in support of fire safety engineering design have proliferated in the last few years due to the increased performance of computers. These tools are currently being used in a generalized manner in areas such as egress, ...
  • An Architecture for an Integrated Fire Emergency Response System for the Built Environment 

    Upadhyay, Rochan; Pringle, Gavin; Beckett, George; Potter, Stephen; Han, Liangxiu; Welch, Stephen; Usmani, Asif; Torero, Jose L (The International Assocation of Fire Safety Science (IAFSS), 2008-09)
    FireGrid is a modern concept that aims to leverage a number of modern technologies to aid fire emergency response. In this paper we provide a brief introduction to the FireGrid project. A number of different technologies ...
  • The behaviour of concrete structures in fire 

    Fletcher, Ian A; Welch, Stephen; Torero, Jose L; Carvel, Ricky O; Usmani, Asif (2007-03-29)
    The nature of concrete-based structures means that they generally perform very well in fire. However, concrete is a complex material and its properties can change dramatically when exposed to high temperatures. This paper ...
  • BRE large compartment fire tests – characterising post-flashover fires for model validation 

    Welch, Stephen; Jowsey, Allan; Deeny, Susan; Morgan, Richard; Torero, Jose L (2007)
    Reliable and comprehensive measurement data from large-scale fire tests is needed for validation of computer fire models, but is subject to various uncertainties, including radiation errors in temperature measurement. Here, ...
  • Buoyancy Effects on Smoldering of Polyurethane Foam 

    Torero, Jose L (1992-11-19)
    An experimental study has been carried out to investigate the effects of buoyancy on smoldering of polyurethane foam. The experiments are conducted with a high void fraction flexible polyurethane foam as fuel and air as ...
  • Burning Rate of Liquid Fuel on Carpet (Porous Media) 

    Ma, Tingguang; Olenick, Stephen M; Klassen, Michael S; Roby, Richard J; Torero, Jose L (Spinger, 2004)
    The occurrence of a liquid fuel burning on carpet has been involved in many incendiary and accidental fires. While the research on a liquid fuel fire on carpet is still limited, much work on porous media has been ...
  • Calculation and design of tunnel ventilation systems using a two-scale modelling approach 

    Colella, Francesco; Rein, Guillermo; Borchiellini, Romano; Carvel, Ricky O; Torero, Jose L; Verda, Vittorio (Building and Environment journal - Elservier, 2009-06)
    This paper develops a novel modelling approach for ventilation flow in tunnels at ambient conditions (i.e. cold flow). The complexity of full CFD models of low in tunnels or the inaccuracies of simplistic assumptions are ...
  • Calculation Methods for the Heat Release Rate of Materials of Unknown Composition 

    Biteau, Hubert; Steinhaus, Thomas; Simeoni, Albert; Schemel, Christopher; Marlair, Guy; Bal, Nicolas; Torero, Jose L (International Association for Fire Safety Science, 2008-09)
    The Heat Release Rate (HRR) is a critical parameter to characterise a fire. Different methods have been developed to estimate it. The most widespread techniques are based on mass balance. If the heat of combustion of the ...
  • Caractérisation de la fraction volumique et de la température des suies d'une flamme de diffusion établie en micropesanteur 

    Fuentes, Andres; Legros, Guillaume; Joulain, Pierre; Vantelon, Jean-Pierre; Torero, Jose L (Congrès Français de Mécanique, 2005-08-29)
    The soot has a dominant radiative role in microgravity diffusion flames. In fact, the radiative losses are particularly important in the trailing edge of the flame, where the combustion products, especially the soot, ...
  • A Case Study on Building Specifications 

    Jowsey, Allan; Torero, Jose L; Drange, Leiv A (2004-10)
    An engineering analysis of the performance of a transportation centre in the event of a fire has been conducted. This engineering analysis has been conducted following an integrated approach that included fire, structural ...
  • The Changing Face of Structural Design for Fire 

    Torero, Jose L; Lane, Barbara (NCG Media, 2004)
    The 1990 Broadgate Phase 8 fire in London, the 2000 Cardington Frame fire tests, and the 2001 WTC collapses have resulted in a drastic shift of the design process, away from single structural element principles as forms ...
  • Characterisation of Dalmarnock Fire Test One 

    Abecassis Empis, Cecilia; Reszka, Pedro; Steinhaus, Thomas; Cowlard, Adam; Biteau, Hubert; Welch, Stephen; Rein, Guillermo; Torero, Jose L (Elsevier, Journal Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 2008)
    The Dalmarnock Tests comprise a set of fire experiments conducted in a real high-rise building in July 2006. The two main tests took place in identical flats, Test One allowing the fire to develop freely to post-flashover ...
  • Characterisation of the Thermal and Chemical Effects of Energetic Materials not Likely to Detonate 

    Biteau, Hubert; Marlair, Guy; Drysdale, Dougal; Torero, Jose L (The Combustion Institute, 2006-08-06)
    Energetic materials encompass a wide range of chemical compounds all associated with a significant risk of fire and explosion. They include explosives, pyrotechnic materials, powders, fertilizers and other unsteady chemicals. ...
  • Clyde Tunnel refurbishment: Modelling the performance of the new lining system and drainage channel in the event of a fire 

    Carvel, Ricky O; Torero, Jose L (Tunnel Management International, 2006-04-19)
    The Clyde Tunnel in Glasgow, Scotland, is currently undergoing refurbishment. This refurbishment includes the installation of a new tunnel lining / fire protection system in both tunnel tubes. This lining system has ...
  • Collapse scenarios of WTC 1 & 2 with extension to generic tall buildings 

    Usmani, Asif; Flint, Graeme; Jowsey, Allan; Roben, Charlotte; Torero, Jose L (2006-10)
    This paper presents a summary of the author’s investigation into the collapse of tall buildings. A large number of computational analyses have been carried out at the University of Edinburgh (UoE) over the last 4 years ...
  • A Comparative Analysis of the Use of Different Zone Models to Predict the Mass Smoke Flow for Axisymetric and Spill Plumes 

    Sanderson, Iain; Kilpatrick, Tony; Torero, Jose L (The International Association of Fire Safety Science (IAFSS), 2008-09)
    Sanderson (2007) examined the theoretical basis for and the experimentation supporting the predictive smoke zone models currently being used in fire engineering design that are cited, in nationally and internationally ...