Optimisation and integration of membrane processes in coal-fired power plants with carbon capture and storage
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This thesis investigates membrane gas separation and its application to post-combustion carbon capture from coal-fired power plants as alternative to the conventional amine absorption technology. The attention is initially focused on membrane module modelling, with the aim of obtaining more detailed predictions of the behaviour of the separation though spiral-wound and hollow-fibre modules. Both one- and bi-dimensional models are implemented, compared and tested for different separations. Module geometry is investigated as well as the effect on the performances due to possible fabrication defects. A key part of the work involves the integration of the customised models into UniSim® Design, the Honeywell process simulator. Thanks to the developed interface, multi-stage process designs are developed, compared with the available literature and linked to a rigorous economic analysis. In particular, a long-term indicator such as the Levelised Cost Of Electricity (LCOE) is evaluated and parametric analyses are conducted with respect to both material and process parameters.