Now showing items 406-425 of 639

  • Performance of concrete in fire: a review of the state of the art, with a case study of the windsor tower fire 

    Fletcher, Ian A; Borg, Audun; Hitchen, Neil; Welch, Stephen (Universidade de Aveiro, 2006-05)
    This paper provides a “State of the Art” review on current research into the effects of fire exposures upon concrete. The principal influences of high temperature in concrete are loss of compressive strength and spalling, ...
  • Personalising speech-to-speech translation in the EMIME project 

    Kurimo, Mikko; Byrne, William; Dines, John; Garner, Philip N.; Gibson, Matthew; Guan, Yong; Hirsimaki, Teemu; Karhila, Reima; King, Simon; Liang, Hui; Oura, Keiichiro; Saheer, Lakshmi; Shannon, Matt; Shiota, Sayaka; Tian, Jilei; Tokuda, Keiichi; Wester, Mirjam; Wu, Yi-Jian; Yamagishi, Junichi (2010)
    In the EMIME project we have studied unsupervised cross-lingual speaker adaptation. We have employed an HMM statistical framework for both speech recognition and synthesis which provides transformation mechanisms to adapt ...
  • Phone Classification in Pseudo-Euclidean Vector Spaces 

    Gutkin, Alexander; King, Simon (2004-10)
    Recently we have proposed a structural framework for modelling speech, which is based on patterns of phonological distinctive features, a linguistically well-motivated alternative to standard vector-space acoustic models ...
  • Phonetic Dimensions of Intonational Categories - the case of L+H* and H* 

    Calhoun, Sasha (2004-03)
    ToBI, in its conception, was an attempt to describe intonation in terms of phonological categories. An effect of the success of ToBI in doing this has been to make it standard to try to characterise all intonational ...
  • Phonetic transcription standards for european names (onomastica). 

    Schmidt, Mark; Fitt, Susan; Scott, Christina; Jack, Mervyn A (International Speech Communication Association, 1993)
    This paper details the standards identified for phonetic transcription of names as part of the ONOMASTICA project, a European-wide research initiative for the construction of a multi-language pronunciation lexicon ...
  • Pitch adaptive features for LVCSR 

    Garau, Giulia; Renals, Steve (2008)
    We have investigated the use of a pitch adaptive spectral representation on large vocabulary speech recognition, in conjunction with speaker normalisation techniques. We have compared the effect of a smoothed spectrogram ...
  • Pitch determination considering laryngealization effects in spoken dialogs 

    Niemann, H; Denzler, J; Kahles, B; Kompe, A; Kießling, A; Nöth, E; Strom, Volker (1994)
    A frequent phenomen in spoken dialogs of the information seeking type are short elliptic utterances whose mood (declarative or interrogative) can only be distinguished by intonation. The main acoustic evidence is conveyed ...
  • Planning and Choosing: Augmenting HTN-Based Agents with Mental Attitudes. 

    Wickler, G; Potter, S; Tate, Austin; Pechoucek, M; Semsch, E (IEEE Computer Society, 2007-11)
    This paper describes a new agent framework that fuses an HTN planner, through its underlying conceptual model, with the mental attitudes of the BDI agent architecture, thus exploiting the strengths of each. On the one hand, ...
  • Planning Requirements for Hierarchical Coalitions in Distaster Relief Domains 

    Siebra, C (British Computer Society, 2005)
    Coalitions are organisations whose members combine abilities and knowledge to carry out mutual purposes. Rather than to be composed by a team of equals, coalitions generally require a hierarchical structure of command and ...
  • Poster: Enabling useful data sharing through format identification and text mining 

    Akestoridis, Dimitrios-Georgios; Henderson, Tristan (2016-10)
    Poster presented at RepoFringe 2016 by Dimitrios-Georgios Akestoridis of the University of Ioannina and Tristan Henderson of the University of St Andrews.
  • A Posterior Approach for Microphone Array Based Speech Recognition 

    Wang, Dong; Himawan, Ivan; Frankel, Joe; King, Simon (2008)
    Automatic speech recognition (ASR) becomes rather difficult in meetings domains because of the adverse acoustic conditions, including more background noise, more echo and reverberation and frequent cross-talking. Microphone ...
  • A Posterior Probability-based System Hybridisation and Combination for Spoken Term Detection 

    Tejedor, Javier; Wang, Dong; King, Simon; Frankel, Joe; Colas, Jose (2009)
    Spoken term detection (STD) is a fundamental task for multimedia information retrieval. To improve the detection performance, we have presented a direct posterior-based confidence measure generated from a neural network. ...
  • Posterior-based confidence measures for spoken term detection 

    Wang, Dong; Tejedor, Javier; Frankel, Joe; King, Simon (2009)
    Confidence measures play a key role in spoken term detection (STD) tasks. The confidence measure expresses the posterior probability of the search term appearing in the detection period, given the speech. Traditional ...
  • Potential Risks to International Joint Ventures In Developing Economies: The Ghanaian Construction Industry Experience 

    Ahiaga-Dagbui, Dominic D; Fugar, Frank D.K; McCarter, John W; Adinyira, Emmnuel (Construction Publishing House, Hanoi, 2011-11)
    International construction companies are increasingly entering into joint ventures with local companies in developing countries to explore perceived profitable opportunities overseas. Joint ventures generally offer a number ...
  • Power Law Discounting for N-Gram Language Models 

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve (2010)
    We present an approximation to the Bayesian hierarchical Pitman-Yor process language model which maintains the power law distribution over word tokens, while not requiring a computationally expensive approximate inference ...
  • A Precise Controllable Projection System for Projected Virtual Characters and Its Calibration 

    Ehnes, Jochen (2010)
    In this paper we describe a system to project virtual characters that shall live with us in the same environment. In order to project the characters' visual representations onto room surfaces we use a controllable projector.
  • Predicting focus through prominence structure 

    Calhoun, Sasha (2007)
    Focus is central to our control of information flow in dialogue. Spoken language understanding systems therefore need to be able to detect focus automatically. It is well known that prominence is a key marker of focus ...
  • Predicting Success in Dialogue 

    Reitter, David; Moore, Johanna D. (2007-06-25)
    Task-solving in dialogue depends on the linguistic alignment of the interlocutors, which Pickering & Garrod (2004) have suggested to be based on mechanistic repetition effects. In this paper, we seek confirmation of ...
  • Predicting the intonation of discourse segments from examples in dialogue speech. 

    Black, Alan W (1995)
    In the area of speech synthesis it is already possible to generate understandable speech with citation form prosody for simple written texts. However at ATR we are researching into speech synthesis techniques for use in ...
  • Predicting the intonation of discourse segments from examples in dialogue speech. 

    Black, Alan W; Campbell, Nick (1995)
    In the area of speech synthesis it is already possible to generate understandable speech with citation form prosody for simple written texts. However at ATR we are researching into speech synthesis techniques for use in ...