Now showing items 366-385 of 628

  • NEPAD and South-South Development Co-operation Between Cuba and South Africa 

    Hammett, Daniel P (2005-01-07)
    This paper will address the relevance and potential of South-South development co-operation between African and non-African states within the broader principles of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD). ...
  • Neural networks for modelling the final target cost of water projects 

    Ahiaga-Dagbui, Dominic D; Smith, Simon D (Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 2012-09)
    Producing reasonably accurate cost estimates at the planning stage of a project important for the subsequent success of the project. The estimator has to be able to make judgement on the cost influence of a number of factors ...
  • A New Model of Intonation for Use with Speech Synthesis and Recognition 

    Taylor, Paul A; Isard, Stephen (International Speech Communication Association, 1992-10)
    This paper describes a synthesis from analysis scheme for producing natural sounding intonation for speech synthesis. The paper presents a new method of describing Fo contours in terms of three basic phonetic intonation ...
  • New objective distance measures for spectral discontinuities in concatenative speech synthesis 

    Vepa, Jithendra; King, Simon; Taylor, Paul (IEEE, 2002-09)
    The quality of unit selection based concatenative speech synthesis mainly depends on how well two successive units can be joined together to minimise the audible discontinuities. The objective measure of discontinuity used ...
  • New relationships in Scholarly Publishing 

    Rusbridge, Chris (Library Association Publishing with UKOLN, 1995)
    In this paper I survey some of the implications of the introduction of several electronic journals as part of the FIGIT Electronic Libraries Programme (abbreviated as eLib). How do these ventures fit into the aims of the ...
  • No available theories currently explain all adult-child cue weighting differences 

    Mayo, Catherine; Turk, Alice (International Speech Communication Association, 2005)
    Children and adults appear to weight some acoustic cues differently in perceiving certain speech contrasts. There are currently two main theories to explain this difference. One of these is the Developmental Weighting ...
  • A novel engineering tool for thermal analysis of structural members in natural fires 

    Liang, Hong; Welch, Stephen (Universidade de Aveiro, 2006-05)
    A novel CFD-based methodology for generalised thermal analysis of protected steel structures in fire has been developed, in order to overcome some of the limitations of detailed thermal analysis methods. Relying on having ...
  • Novel Fire Testing Methodology: Why, how and what now? 

    Maluk, Cristian; Bisby, Luke; Terrasi, Giovanni; Krajcovic, Michal; Torero, Jose L (Hong Kong Polytechnic University, 2012-12-06)
    In response to a need for rational, quantified, and repeatable assessment of building materials subject to heating during fire, a novel fire testing methodology, named the Heat-Transfer Rate Inducing System (H-TRIS), has ...
  • A Novel Method for Learning Policies from Constrained Motion 

    Howard, Matthew; Klanke, Stefan; Gienger, Michael; Goerick, Christian; Vijayakumar, Sethu (2009)
    Many everyday human skills can be framed in terms of performing some task subject to constraints imposed by the environment. Constraints are usually unobservable and frequently change between contexts. In this paper, ...
  • Objective Distance Measures for Spectral Discontinuities in Concatenative Speech Synthesis 

    Vepa, Jithendra; Taylor, Paul (2002-09)
    In unit selection based concatenative speech systems, join cost, which measures how well two units can be joined together, is one of the main criteria for selecting appropriate units from the inventory. The ideal join cost ...
  • Objective methods for evaluating synthetic intonation. 

    Clark, Robert A J; Dusterhoff, Kurt E (International Speech Communication Association, 1999)
    This paper describes the development and evaluation of objective methods for testing synthetic intonation. While subjective methods are available for assessing the quality of synthetic intonation, such tests consume ...
  • Obtaining phonetic transcriptions: a comparison between expert listeners and a continuous speech recognizer. 

    Wester, Mirjam; Kessens, Judith M; Cucchiarini, Catia; Strik, Helmer (KINGSTON PRESS SERVICES LTD, 2001)
    In this article, we address the issue of using a continuous speech recognition tool to obtain phonetic or phonological representations of speech. Two experiments were carried out in which the performance of a continuous ...
  • On Generating Combilex Pronunciations via Morphological Analysis 

    Richmond, Korin; Clark, Robert; Fitt, Sue (2010)
    Combilex is a high-quality lexicon that has been developed specifically for speech technology purposes and recently released by CSTR. Combilex benefits from many advanced features. This paper explores one of these: the ...
  • On Representation of Fundamental Frequency of Speech for Prosody Analysis Using Reliability Function. 

    Nakai, Mitsuru; Shimodaira, Hiroshi (International Speech Communication Association, 1997)
    This paper highlights on a method that provides a new prosodic feature called ‘F0 reliability field’ based on a reliability function of the fundamental frequency (F0). The proposed method does not employ any correction ...
  • On the Articulatory Representation of Speech within the Evolving Transformation System Formalism 

    Gutkin, Alexander; Gay, David R; Goldfarb, Lev; Wester, Mirjam (2004-08)
    This paper deals with the formulation of an alternative, structural, approach to the speech representation and recognition problem. In this approach, we require both the representation and the learning algorithms to be ...
  • On the Derivation of Polyurethane Kinetic Parameters Using Genetic Algorithms 

    Rein, Guillermo; Herren, Jaime; Fernandez-Pello, Carlos; Urban, David (International Symposium on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, 2004-07)
    There is a lack of quantification for the kinetics mechanism of polyurethane thermal decomposition. The objective of this work is to derive a set of parameters for the kinetics of polyurethane valid for numerical models, ...
  • On the quantitative analysis of Deep Belief Networks 

    Salakhutdinov, Ruslan; Murray, Iain (2008)
    Deep Belief Networks (DBN’s) are generative models that contain many layers of hidden variables. Efficient greedy algorithms for learning and approximate inference have allowed these models to be applied successfully in ...
  • On the Use of Automatically Generated Discourse-Level Information in a Concept-to-Speech Synthesis System 

    Hitzeman, Janet; Black, Alan W; Taylor, Paul; Mellish, Chris; Oberlander, Jon (International Speech Communication Association, 1998-12)
    This paper describes the latest version of the SOLE concept-to-speech system, which uses linguistic information provided by a natural language generation system to improve the prosody of synthetic speech. We discuss the ...
  • On the use of prosody in a speech-to-speech translator. 

    Strom, Volker; Elsner, Anja; Hess, Wolfgang; Kasper, Walter; Klein, Alexandra; Kreiger, Hans Ulrich; Spilker, Jorg; Weber, Hans; Görz, Gunther (International Speech Communication Association, 1997)
    In this paper a speech-to-speech translator from German to English is presented. Beside the traditional processing steps it takes advantage of acoustically detected prosodic phrase boundaries and focus. The prosodic phrase ...
  • On-line Overlaid-Handwriting Recognition Based on Substroke HMMs. 

    Shimodaira, Hiroshi; Sudo, Takashi; Nakai, Mitsuru; Sagayama, Shigeki (2003)
    This study discusses the subject of training data selection for neural networks using back propagation. We have made only one assumption that there are no overlapping of training data belonging to different classes, in ...