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|Title: ||Fouling in Nanofiltration|
|Authors: ||Schäfer, Andrea|
Karabelas, Anastasios J.
Hoek, Eric M.V.
|Issue Date: ||2004|
|Citation: ||Schäfer, A.I. ; Andritsos, N. ; Karabelas, A.J. ; Hoek, E.M.V. ; Schneider, R. ; Nyström, M. (2004) Fouling in Nanofiltration, in: Nanofiltration – Principles and Applications, Schäfer A.I., Waite T.D., Fane A.G. (Eds). Elsevier, Chapter 20, 169-239.|
|Abstract: ||According to Koros et al.  fouling is “the process resulting in loss of performance of a membrane due to deposition
of suspended or dissolved substances on its external surfaces, at its pore openings, or within its pores”. Fouling is also
decribed as flux decline which is irreversible and can only be removed by, for example, chemical
cleaning . This is different to flux decline due to solution chemistry effects or concentration
polarisation which is described in more detail later in this chapter. Those flux declines can be reversed
with clean water and are hence not considered as fouling.|
|Appears in Collections:||Membrane Technology Research Group publications|
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