Edinburgh Research Archive >
Engineering, School of >
Membrane Technology Research Group >
Membrane Technology Research Group publications >
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title: ||Removal of hormones and pharmaceuticals in the Advanced Water Recycling Demonstration Plant in Queensland, Australia|
|Authors: ||Khan, S.J.|
|Issue Date: ||2004|
|Citation: ||Khan, S.J. ; Wintgens, T. ; Sherman, P. ; Zaricky, J. ; Schäfer, A.I. (2004) Removal of Hormones and Pharmaceuticals in the Advanced Water Recycling Demonstration Plant in Queensland, Australia, Water Science & Technology (2004), 50, 5, 15-22|
|Publisher: ||IWA Publishing|
|Abstract: ||An advanced water recycling demonstration plant was employed to investigate the effectiveness of a number
of treatment technologies in the removal of some residuals of commonly prescribed pharmaceuticals as well as natural
and synthetic hormones found in sewage.
Analysis of targeted compounds was carried out by solid-phase extraction (SPE) and gas chromatography-mass
spectrometry (GC-MS). Initial tests were undertaken to determine the background concentrations of the analytes
during various stages of treatment. Subsequent tests, undertaken by spiking with standard solutions of the target
compounds provided further information on the removal efficiencies of some selected treatment modules. The results
of the study indicate that while ozonation, microfiltration and nanofiltration were partially effective; treatment by
reverse osmosis was the most universally successful in the removal of the target residuals.
While significantly more data is required for a full evaluation, this initial investigation suggests that reverse osmosis
may be an effective means of removing a wider range of pharmaceutically active residuals and hormones from treated
|Appears in Collections:||Membrane Technology Research Group publications|
Items in ERA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.