Edinburgh Research Archive >
Engineering, School of >
Membrane Technology Research Group >
Membrane Technology Research Group publications >
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title: ||Membranes and renewable energy — a new era of sustainable development for developing countries|
|Authors: ||Schäfer, Andrea|
|Issue Date: ||2005|
|Citation: ||Schäfer, A.I. ; Broeckmann, A. ; Richards, B.S. (2005) Membranes and renewable energy — A new era of sustainable development for developing countries, Membrane Technology, Nov, 6-10.|
|Abstract: ||This article outlines the combination of a small scale hybrid ultrafiltration and nanofiltration/reverse
osmosis system with solar energy. The system is targeted to remote communities with access to
either contaminated surface or brackish water. The treatment accomplishes dual barrier
disinfection, desalination, and removal of trace contaminants such as arsenic.
Investigation of the system is carried out for a variable power source that leads to fluctuations in
feed flow and recovery. Those variations may affect water quality and fouling and to ensure
satisfactory performance in locations far from qualified maintenance personnel this information
needs to be integrated into process design and operation procedures.
The system exhibits a very low specific energy consumption and is able to desalinate brackish
water to drinking water guidelines. Trace contaminant removal is under investigation and results
are not presented in this paper.|
|Appears in Collections:||Membrane Technology Research Group publications|
Items in ERA are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.