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|Title: ||What basic emotions are experienced in bipolar disorder and how are they are regulated|
|Authors: ||Carolan, Louise|
|Supervisor(s): ||Power, Mick|
|Issue Date: ||2009|
|Publisher: ||The University of Edinburgh|
|Abstract: ||Introduction: There remains a lack of theoretical models which can adequately
account for the key features of bipolar disorders (Power, 2005).
Objectives: Firstly, to test the predictions made by the SPAARS model that mania is
predominantly characterised by the coupling of happiness with anger, while
depression (unipolar and bipolar) primarily comprises of a coupling between sadness
and disgust. Secondly, to investigate and compare the coping strategies employed to
regulate positive and negative emotion between bipolar, unipolar and control groups.
Design: A cross sectional design was employed to examine the differences within
and between the bipolar, unipolar and control groups in the emotions experienced
and the strategies used to regulate emotion. Data were analysed using ANOVAs.
Method: Psychiatric diagnoses in the clinical groups were confirmed using the
SCID. Current mood state was measured using the BDI-II, STAI and the MAS. The
Basic Emotion Scale was used to explore the emotional profiles and the Regulation
of Emotion Questionnaire was used to measure coping strategies.
Results: The results confirmed the predictions made by the SPAARS model about
the emotions in mania and depression. Elevated levels of disgust were also found in
the bipolar group generally. The clinical groups used internal dysfunctional strategies
more often than the controls for negative emotion. The bipolar group used external
dysfunctional strategies more frequently than the controls for positive emotion.
Conclusion: The results support the predictions made by the SPAARS model and
suggest that disgust plays a key role in bipolar disorder. Strengths and limitations are
discussed and suggestions for future research are explored.|
|Keywords: ||bipolar disorders|
schematic, propositional, analogical and associative representational systems
Basic Emotion Scale
|Appears in Collections:||Clinical Psychology thesis collection|
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