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|Title: ||Eating Attitudes and Behaviours in Young People With or Without a Diabetic Sibling|
|Authors: ||Smith, Rachel K|
|Supervisor(s): ||Newman, Emily|
|Issue Date: ||2007|
|Abstract: ||Objectives: Body image concerns and problematic eating attitudes and behaviours are
recognised as an important concern for young people and clinicians. Identification of
groups that might be at risk of developing such problems would enable prevention and
early implementation strategies to be implemented. The aim of this study was to
explore body image concerns and eating attitudes and behaviours in a community
sample of young people aged between 12 and 17 years.
Design & Method: A cross sectional between groups design was employed.
Participants completed self-report assessments measuring attitudes to body shape and
weight, eating attitudes, behavioural features of eating disorders and eating disorder
psychopathology. Siblings of young people with type 1 diabetes (n=12) were
compared to a matched control group (n=12). Comparisons were also made between
males and females and between age groups in a community sample (n=75).
Results: Compared with females without a diabetic sibling, females with a diabetic
sibling reported more concerns about body weight and shape, greater disturbance in
eating attitudes, and significantly higher levels of eating disorder psychopathology.
Within the community sample, concerns about body shape and weight and disturbed
eating attitudes were significantly higher in females than in males. The results
highlighted a high prevalence of excessive exercise behaviour in both males and
females. Excessive exercise was the only variable to differ significantly between age
groups, with the highest prevalence reported in those aged 14 and 15 years.
Conclusions: The findings provide tentative support for the hypothesis that siblings of
young people with type 1 diabetes are at increased risk of disturbed eating attitudes
and behaviours, but require replication in a larger sample. Methodological
implications of the study and suggestions for further research are discussed.|
|Keywords: ||Clinical Psychology|
|Appears in Collections:||Clinical Psychology thesis collection|
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