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||Size||Format||Castle dissertation.pdf||only available in ed.ac.uk||268.29 kB||Adobe PDF|
|Title: ||Psychosocial predictors of smoking behaviour in young adults|
|Authors: ||Castle, Emma|
|Supervisor(s): ||Taylor, Michelle|
|Issue Date: ||2006|
|Abstract: ||Objectives. The present study aimed to examine the influence of psychosocial factors
on smoking behaviour in young adults.
Design. The study used a cross-sectional exploratory design.
Methods. The participants were 204 young adults who were students at the University
of Edinburgh. A questionnaire was administered which included questions to gain
social and demographic information including age, social class, income, smoking
history and other health behaviours. Additional measures were included to assess
personality (IPIP; Goldberg, 2002), emotional intelligence (Schutte et al, 1998) and
perceived stress (Cohen et al, 1983).
Results. Perceived health (r=-0.17, p<0.05), age, social class, income (p<0.01),
alcohol units (p<0.05) and exercise (r=-0.15, p<0.05) were associated with smoking
consumption. Extraversion (r=-0.29, p<0.05), perceived stress (r=-0.41, p<0.05), age
(r=0.41, p<0.01) and social class (p<0.05) were correlated with age at starting
smoking. Multivariate analysis revealed age, income and social class were
independent predictors of smoking consumption accounting for 30% of the variance.
For age at which people start smoking, extraversion and perceived stress accounted
for 11% of the variance. However after adjustment for covariates (age, sex, social
class, income, alcohol and exercise), Extraversion alone remained an independent
predictor, accounting for 8% of the variance in the age at which people start smoking.
Conclusions. Older age, lower social class and higher income were associated with
smoking consumption in university students. Higher extraversion was a direct
predictor of the age at which people started smoking. The findings show that social
and psychological variables are important predictors of smoking behaviour. The
results are discussed in terms of implications for health promotion and intervention
|Keywords: ||psychosocial predictors|
|Appears in Collections:||Psychology Undergraduate thesis collection|
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